Coronavirus 3' UTR pseudoknot
|Coronavirus 3' UTR pseudoknot|
The Coronavirus 3' UTR pseudoknot is an RNA structure found in the coronavirus genome. Coronaviruses contain 30 kb single-stranded positive-sense RNA genomes. The 3' UTR region of these coronavirus genomes contains a conserved ~55 nucleotide pseudoknot structure which is necessary for viral genome replication. The mechanism of cis-regulation is unclear, but this element is postulated to function in the plus-strand.
Other RNA families identified in the coronavirus include the coronavirus SL-III cis-acting replication element (CRE), the coronavirus frameshifting stimulation element, the coronavirus 3' stem-loop II-like motif (s2m) and the coronavirus packaging signal.
- Williams GD, Chang RY, Brian DA (October 1999). "A phylogenetically conserved hairpin-type 3' untranslated region pseudoknot functions in coronavirus RNA replication". Journal of Virology. 73 (10): 8349–8355. PMC 112852. PMID 10482585.
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