|Indian Smooth Snake|
|Indian smooth snake (C. brachyura) at Amravati, Maharashtra|
Indian Smooth Snake Coronella brachyura is a species of rare endemic snake found in India.
The following description is based on Malcolm Smith's The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia volume: (p. 195)
Nostril large, between two nasals; internasals 0.3 to 0.5 as long as the prefrontals ; frontal nearly as broad as long, in contact with a large preocular ; loreal longer than high ; 2 postoculars ; temporals 2+2 ; 8 supralabials, 4th and 5th touching the eye ; anterior genials larger than the posterior, the latter separated by two or three series of small scales. Scales in 23:23:19 rows ; ventrals large, rounded ; tail rather short. Ventrals 200-224 ; Caudals 46-53 ; Anals 1.
Hemipenis extending to the 13th caudal plate, not forked. The distal half is calyculate, the cups being large and with scalloped edges ; the proximal half is spinose, two or three spines at the base being much larger than the others (bad specimen).
Olive-brown above, with indistinct light variegations on the anterior half of the body and head ; lower parts whitish. Total length : males 515, tail 75 ; females 460, tail 55 mm.
Range. Northern India. Poona district and Visapur, near Bombay ; S.E. Berar.
A rare snake.
- Günther,A. 1866 Fifth account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 18: 24-29
- Coronella brachyura at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 12 December 2007.
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