Amravati

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Amravati
अमरावती
City
Skyline of Amravati
Nickname(s): Amba Nagari (अंबा नगरी)
Amravati is located in Maharashtra
Amravati
Amravati
Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Amravati
Established 1097 AD[1]
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Amravati Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Sanjay Naravne
 • Municipal Commissioner Hemant Pawar
 • Member of Legislative Assembly
 • Member of Parliament Anandrao Adsul[2] (Shiv Sena)
Area
 • City 121.65 km2 (46.97 sq mi)
Elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 1,031,100
 • Rank Vidarbha: 2nd
 • Density 8,478/km2 (21,960/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,031,100[3]
Demonym(s) Amravtikar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 4446xx
Telephone code +91-721
Vehicle registration MH 27 (for entire Amravati district)
Distance from Nagpur 152 kilometres (94 mi) (land)
Distance from Mumbai 663 kilometres (412 mi) (land)
Literacy Rate 93.03%
HDI Medium[4]
Website amravati.nic.in

Amravati About this sound pronunciation  also known as "Ambanagari" is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is the 8th most populous metropolitan area in the state. It is the administrative headquarters of the Amravati district. It is also the headquarters of the "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state. Among the historical landmarks in the city are the temples of Amba, Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara. The city is famous for Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal,the place which is famous for its facility for different kinds of sports.

History[edit]

The ancient name of Amravati is "Audumbaravati", in prakrut, "Umbravati". The variant 'Amravati' is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple. A mention of Amravati can be found on a stone inscription on the base of the marble statue of God Adinath (Jain God) Rhishabhnath. The statues date back to the year 1097. Govind Maha Prabhu visited Amravati in the 13th century, when Wardha was under the rule of Deogiri's Hindu King (Yadava dynasty). In the 14th century, there was drought and famine in Amravati, so people abandoned Amravati and left for Gujrat and Malwa. Though some locals returned after several years, this resulted in a scanty population. In the 17th century, Magar Aurangpura (today, 'Sabanpura') was allotted for a Jama Masjid by Mughal Aurangzeb. This indicates the existence of a Muslim population. In 1722, Chhattrapati Shahu presented Amravati and Badnera to Ranoji Bhosle; eventually Amravati was known as Bhosle ki Amravati. The city was reconstructed and developed by Ranoji Bhosle after the treaty of Devgaon and Anjangaon Surji and victory over Gavilgad (Fort of Chikhaldara). The British general and author Wellesly camped in Amravati, the place is still known as the 'camp', by Amravati people. Amravati city was founded towards the end of the 18th century. The Union state of Nizam and Bhosle ruled Amravati. They appointed a revenue officer but neglected defence. The Gavilgad fort was conquered by the British on 15 December 1803. Under to the Deogaon treaty, Warhad was presented as a token of the friendship to the Nizam.

Warhad was ruled by the Nizams thereafter. Around 1805, the Pendharies attacked Amravati city.

The Sahukars (bankers and merchants) of Amravati saved Amravati by presenting seven lakh rupees to Chittu Pendhari. The Nizam ruled for a more than half century. From 1859 to 1871, many government buildings were constructed by the British. The Railway Station was constructed in 1859; the Commissioner Bungalow in 1860, the Small Causes Court in 1886, (today, the S.D.O. OFFICE), the Tahsil Office & the Main Post Office were built in 1871. The Central Jail, Collector's Office, the Rest House and Cotton Market were also built. During 1896, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Sir Moropant Joshi, Pralhad Pant Jog were prominent men in Amravati. The 13th Congress Conference was held at Amravati on 27–29 Dec' 1897 due to their efforts.[1] The Municipal AV High School was inaugurated at the hands of Subhas Chandra Bose. Amravati housed the head office of 'Savinay Awagya Andolan '(The Civil Disobedience Movement). On 26 April 1930, water was taken from 'Dahihanda' for the famous 'Namak Satyagrah', Dr Soman brought sea water from Mumbai for the occasion. About ten thousand people prepared salt under the leadership of Vamanrao Joshi.

Udumbaravati is the ancient name of Amravati. It was due to the presence of a large number of Audumber trees in the region. Umbravati, Umravati& Amravati are derivatives of Udumbaravati. The city grew rapidly at the end of the 18th century due to growth in businesses.

In 1853, the present day territory of Amravati district, as a part of the Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amraoti. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August 1905, when the whole province was reorganised into six districts, it was again merged into the district. It became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar in 1903. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after Bombay state's bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.

Other historical facts[edit]

Amravati, in Sanskrit, literally means 'abode of immortals'. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833, Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, due to the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. Later in 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts.

Indian independence freedom fighters such as Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Moropant Vishvanath Joshi came from the city.

In 1897, the Indian National Congress assembled at Amraoti. It was headed by Chettur Sankaran Nair . In an address he referred to the high-handedness of foreign administration, called for reforms and asked for self-government for India with Dominion Status.[5]

Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh hid for 3 days in Amravati during his underground stint. He is known to have frequently visited the Hanuman Akhada (Gym) in this time. The ancient name of Amravati is "Audumbaravati", in prakrut, "Umbravati". The variant 'Amravati' is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple.

Demographics[edit]

Population of Amravati in 2011 was 103,1100; of which male and female are 537,619 and 493,381 respectively. The sex ratio of Amravati city is 957 per 1000 males.

Geography[edit]

Amravati is located at 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75.[6] It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 mi) west of Nagpur and serves as the administrative centre of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. The town is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. There are two lakes in the eastern part of the city, Chhatri Talao & Wadali Talao. Pohara & Chirodi hills are to the east of the city. The Maltekdi hill is inside the city, it is 60 meters high.

Climate[edit]

Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters. Summer lasts from March to June, monsoon season from July to October and winter from November to March.

The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 47.9 °C on 25 May 2013 and 5.0 °C on 9 February 1887 respectively.

Climate data for Amravati
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
47
(117)
49
(120)
45
(113)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
30
(86)
28
(82)
35.1
(95.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
17
(63)
15
(59)
20.8
(69.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.51)
16
(0.63)
9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
13
(0.51)
155
(6.1)
248
(9.76)
173
(6.81)
165
(6.5)
44
(1.73)
21
(0.83)
9
(0.35)
874
(34.39)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Governance[edit]

Amravati Municipal Corporation is the local authority in the city. It is headed by a mayor who is assisted by a deputy mayor elected for a tenure of three years.[7] It was established on 15 August 1983. The area governed by the Municipal Corporation at that time was 121.65 km2 comprising the erstwhile Municipal Councils of Amravati and Badnera along with eighteen revenue villages. Now the total area of Amravati city is 270 km2 of which 181 km2 falls under municipal limits and about 89 km2 does not fall within the municipal limits.

Amravati district's police is headed by Police Commissioner. The city has ten police stations.

Education[edit]

At the heart of the city is the Government Vidarbha Institute Of Science And Humanities, formerly Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya established in -1923 It started out as King Edward College. It is a college serving Amravati with many branches for humanities at the undergraduate and post-graduate level. The college has several renowned alumni. All the colleges in the city are affiliated to Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University[8] include

  • Government College of Pharmacy[9]
  • Government College of Engineering, Amravati[10] The Punjabrao Deshmukh first agricultural minister of India was from Amravati, He is the father of Amravati education and also established the Shri Shivaji education society which is old and most famous education society for quality of education.
  • Government Polytechnic College
  • Vidya Bharti Mahavidyalaya[11]
  • Panjabrao Deshmukh Polytechnic
  • Edify School Amravathi
  • Sipna college of Engineering and Technology
  • Khandelwal English Hub, Amravati
  • P. R. Patil Group of Educational Institutes
  • Dr. Rajendra Gode Institute of Technology and Research, Amravati.
  • V.Y.W.S.'s Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology & Research[12]
  • Podar International School
  • Degree College of Physical Education, Shree H.V.P. Mandal[13]
  • CCIT Amravati[14]

Shree Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal was established in 1914 and is serving as a sports institution. Its members are known to have participated in the Indian independence movement. It has diversified its activities to the field of Ayurveda, education (in tribal areas), Engineering and Technology.

In 2011, the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication has set up its regional centre at Amravati University.

Culture and religion[edit]

Sanskrutik Bhavan

Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, the conference on Marathi Literature were held twice in Amravati city. It was presided by Keshav Jagannath Purohit in 1989.

Temple of Goddess Amba, also known as Ekvira, is an example of religious architecture in the Vidarbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laid from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but it is now caved in.

An artistic mosque was built by the Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan, this Masjid was named "Osmania Masjid".

There are well known temples located in the city, examples include the Balkrishna temple, Someshwar Temple, Murlidhar, Vitthal Mandir, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Jain Shwetamber Temple, Kala Maroti Temple, Nilkanth Temple, Shri Krishna temple, and Mrugendraswami math.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Flyover in Amravati city

City bus service is run by the Amravati Municipal Corporation. Private auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also popular. Motorcycles and scooters outnumber cars. Amravati has also started a Women's Special City bus which is a first in Vidarbha region.

The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) provides transport services for intercity and interstate travel. Many private operators also ply on the highly travelled Amravati – Pune and Amravati – Indore route. Bus services to cities like Nagpur, Bhopal, Indore, Raipur, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Pune, Akola, Nanded, Aurangabad, Parbhani, Solapur, Gondia, Shirdi, Hyderabad and Kolhapur are also available.

National Highway 6 (old numbering), which runs from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkata, passes through Amravati.

Recently new Star City Buses are launched in the city replacing the old city buses.

Railway[edit]

Amravati Modal Railway Station

Amravati has three railway stations: Amravati, New Amravati and Badnera junction, Amravati station in the heart of the city is a terminus. Railway line could not be extended beyond it. Therefore, a new station was constructed outside the city when a new railway line was laid to connect Badnera junction to Narkhed on the Nagpur-Itarsi main railway line.

Amravati railway station is situated on the branch line from Badnera on Nagpur-Bhusawal section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of Central Railways. The New Amravati railway station building was inaugurated on 10 December 2011. Amravati railway station provides multiple shuttle services to Badnera throughout the day.

Important trains departing Amravati Terminal:

11406 : Amravati - Pune Weekly Express 12159 : Amravati - Jabalpur Express 12112 : Amravati - Mumbai Superfast Express 12119 : Amravati - Ajni Intercity Express. A new AC Express has been introduced from Amravati Terminus to Pune Jn. via Bhusawal - Manmad Jn.

Airport[edit]

Amravati Airport, located at Bellora, 15 kilometres off NH-6 towards Akola, is operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC). Presently it has no commercial scheduled flights. The Nagpur Flying Club has applied to DGCA for permission to shift its flying operations to Amravati airport. [15] It also has a helipad facility. MADC is acquiring about 400 Hectares of land for developing the airport and related facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 2.25 billion.[16] Recently Amravati Airport has been handed over to Airport Authority Of India for development

Sports[edit]

Territorial Army Parade Ground[edit]

Territorial Army Parade Ground is a multi purpose stadium in the city, formerly known as the Reforms Club Ground.[17] 1958 First recorded Cricket match was held in 1958.[citation needed] The ground is owned and managed by the Territorial Army, a part-time branch of the Indian Army. The ground is mainly used for organizing football and cricket matches and other sports.[citation needed]
The stadium hosted one Ranji Trophy match in 1976 when the Vidarbha cricket team played against the Rajasthan cricket team.[18]

Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground[edit]

Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground is a cricket ground that held a single first-class match when Vidarbha cricket team played Rajasthan cricket team in the 1980/81 Ranji Trophy,[19] which resulted in a Rajasthan victory by 7 wickets.[20]

Growth[edit]

The city is rapidly expanding towards Badnera, 10 km to the south, an important railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main MumbaiBhusawalAkolaNagpur railway line.

Amravati is growing as an industrial centre, with cotton mills leading the way. Amravati district is home to Vidarbha Sugar Mills Ltd., Kurha. It is the sole surviving sugar factory in Amravati region. A 2,700 MW Thermal Power Plant is being developed at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) plans to make air defense missiles at a proposed site at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC.

Warehousing / Godown facility Amravati is main city in Vidarbha region and division in Maharashtra. Warehousing facility is available provided by Central Warehousing Corporation and for agricultural produce APMC godowns are available which is not sufficient for this huge city. Maharashtra state warehousing Corporation does't have any warehousing centre in city.

Infrastructure development is also being seen in the city as the construction of new flyovers, malls leading their way. The main attraction is 'Y' flyover situated at Panchavati - Gadge Nagar link road.

Work on Amravati Airport will start soon as it has been handed over to Airports Authority of India for the development. AAI is planning to develop the Airport in Amravati city within 2–3 years. The runway will be extended and night landing facilities will be provided.

Places of interest[edit]

This includes must see places in Amravati and surrounding areas.

  • Ambadevi Temple [21] – City gets its name from ′Ambadevi′, the temple is situated in the center of the city. The construction date of Ambadevi temple is unknown.
  • Chikhaldara is the only Hill station in Vidarbha region, it is situated at an altitude of 1118m and is about 85km drive from Amravati.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Amravati District Collector Office". Amravati.nic.in. Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha". Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "World's Largest Urban Areas [rank: 1–1000]". Mongabay.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  4. ^ https://www.maharashtra.gov.in/Site/upload/WhatsNew/Economic%20Survey%20of%20Maharashtra...pdf
  5. ^ "Past Presidents of INC". Congress Sandesh website. Archived from the original on 15 January 2002. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Amravati". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Microsoft Word – CSP AMRAVATI 29.04.11" (PDF). Retrieved 6 December 2011. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Amravati University". Sgbau.ac.in. Archived from the original on 3 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 
  10. ^ "Welcome to G. C. O. E. Amravati | Government College of Engineering Amravati". Gcoea.ac.in. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "vidya mahavidyalaya". 
  12. ^ "College of Engineering, Badnera". www.mitra.ac.in. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "About Degree College of Physical Education". Dcpehvpm.org. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "CCIT". ccitindia.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "Flying Club shifting ops to Amravati". Times of India. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "MADC website". 
  17. ^ ESPNcricinfo - Territorial Army Parade Ground
  18. ^ "Scorecard". CricketArchive. Retrieved 2015-09-12. 
  19. ^ "First-class Matches played on Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground, Amravati". CricketArchive. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "Vidarbha v Rajasthan, 1980/81 Ranji Trophy". CricketArchive. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  21. ^ http://amravati.nic.in/htmldocs/ambadevi.html

External links[edit]