Count Matchuki

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Count Matchuki
Birth name Winston Cooper
Born c. 1939
Kingston, Jamaica
Died 1995
Genres Ska
Occupation(s) Deejay
Years active 1950s–1960s

Winston Cooper (c.1939–1995), better known as Count Matchuki or Count Machuki, was the first Jamaican deejay.

Biography[edit]

Cooper was born c.1939 in Kingston, Jamaica,[1] and began working on sound systems in the 1950s, when the music played was largely American R&B. His stage name of Count Matchuki derived from his habit of chewing matchsticks.[2] He initially worked on Tom Wong's Tom the Great Sebastian system and later the Tokyo the Monarch system, before moving on to Clement "Coxsone" Dodd's Downbeat Sound System.[3][4] He added talkovers to the songs, emulating the jive talk of American radio DJ's at the request of Dodd, who became familiar with the US style on his visits to the States to buy records to play on his sound system.[2] He thus originated a deejay style that was later developed by artists such as U-Roy, and which eventually led to rap.[5] Matchuki started by adding spoken introductions to the records that were played, taking inspiration from the American magazine Jive.[4] He has also been credited as the originator of beatboxing, adding what he called "peps" to records that he thought sounded weak.[1][4] In the late 1950s, the prevailing sound changed with the advent of ska, and Matchuki added his deejay skills (often uncredited) to several records by The Skatalites.[2] He introduced King Stitt to Dodd's sound system, and Stitt took over as lead deejay when Matchuki left to join Prince Buster's Voice of the People system. In the late 1960s, with little financial reward or recognition for his work, he left the music industry. He appeared in the Deep Roots Music documentary in the late 1970s along with Sir Lord Comic.[2]

U-Roy has cited Matchuki as a major influence on his work.[4]

Winston "Count Matchuki" Cooper died in 1995.[2] He is survived by his daughter Carla Cooper.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Moskowitz, David V. (2006) Caribbean Popular Music: an Encyclopedia of Reggae, Mento, Ska, Rocksteady, and Dancehall, Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-33158-8, p. 70-71
  2. ^ a b c d e Larkin, Colin (1998) The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae, Virgin Books, ISBN 0-7535-0242-9, p. 186-187
  3. ^ Katz, David (2003) Solid Foundation: an Oral History of Reggae, Bloomsbury, ISBN 0-7475-6847-2, p. 10
  4. ^ a b c d Barrow, Steve & Dalton, Peter (2004) The Rough Guide to Reggae, 3rd edn., Rough Guides, ISBN 1-84353-329-4, p. 17, 123
  5. ^ Greenberg, Adam "Count Machuki Biography", Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation, retrieved 4 October 2009
  6. ^ Glowing tributes for late 'King Stitt' - Jamaica Observer - 27 February 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2013