County of Valentinois

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The County of Valentinois was a fiefdom within Dauphiné Viennois (formerly in southeast France at Italy) and was a part of the Holy Roman Empire from 1032 until the sixteenth century.

The last Dauphiné, Humbert II de la Tour-du-Pin depleted his treasury by funding an unsuccessful Crusade to conquer the Holy Land. After the death of his only son and heir, André, Humbert sold his lands to Philip VI of France in 1349 for 400,000 écus and an annual pension. To keep up appearances, the sale was referred to as a "transfer." In order to prevent the title from going extinct, Humbert instituted a statute whereby the Dauphiné was exempted from many taxes. This statute was subject to many parliamentary debates at the regional level, as local leaders sought to defend their autonomy and privilege against the state.

From 1349, the Dauphiné was transformed into the Dauphiné of France, a title carried by all the heirs to the French throne. In 1498, Louis XII of France divided the lands of the Dauphiné and gave them to Valence, Diois, and Grenoble as a dukedom to Cesar Borgia.

County of Valentinois[edit]

Holy Roman Empire

The County of Valence (Valentinois) was a fiefdom of the Holy Roman Empire, which was first held by Odilon, a Comes in Valence.

House of Odilon

  • 886-887: Odilon[1]
  • 879–912: Adalelm
  • 912–943: Boson (Boso)
  • 943–960: Geilin I
  • 950-???: Gonthar (House of Poitiers).
  • 961-1011: The title was dormant.
  • 1011–???: Lambert
  • 1037–???: Adémar, Comes Valentinensis, in conflict with the Albon family.
  • 1058–???: Geilin II[2]
  • 1070-1128: The title was dormant. Valence was ruled by Narbonne.

House of Odilon-Poitiers

  • 1128–1148: Adémar I (Aimeric I), vassal of Ermengard of Narbonne.
  • 1148-1152: Eustache, bishop and count of Valentinois.
  • 1152–1189: Guillaume of Poitiers.[3]
  • 1188/9–1239: Aymar of Poitiers[4][5][6] husband of Rixende, heir countess of Valentinois.
  • 1230: Gillaume of Poitiers, County of Valentinois, married at Beatriz of Albon.

The counts of Valentinois of House of Poitiers remained vassals of the Dauphin of Viennois until 1338; they held the title until the death of Louis of Poitiers in 1419. On 1029 Valence passed to the House of Albon[7] the Dauphins of Viennois. In 1338 it fell to Philip VI of France.[8] House of Valois

  • Charles I of Viennois (1338–1380), also king of France as Charles V, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois,[9] Duke of Normandy, ruled the Dauphiné as the first Dauphin of France (1350–1364) and ruled the Dauphiné as king of France (1364–1366)
  • John III of Viennois, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, ruled the Dauphiné as second Dauphin of France (1366)
  • Charles I of Viennois, ruled the dauphiné as king of France (1366–1368)
  • Charles II of Viennois (1368–1422), also king of France as Charles VI, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, ruled the dauphiné as third Dauphin of France (1368–1380) and as king of France (1380–1386)
  • Charles III of Viennois (1386), Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, ruled the dauphiné as fourth Dauphin of France (1386)
  • Charles II of Viennois, ruled the Dauphiné as king of France (1386–1392)
  • Charles IV of Viennois (1392-1401), Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, Duke of Guyenne, ruled the Dauphiné as fifth Dauphin of France (1392–1401)
  • Louis I of Viennois (1397–1415), Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, Duke of Guyenne, ruled the Dauphiné as sixth Dauphin of France (1401–1415)
  • John IV of Viennois (1398–1417), Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, Duke of Touraine, ruled the Dauphiné as seventh Dauphin of France (1415–1417)
  • Charles V of Viennois (1403–1461), also king of France as Charles VII, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois, Valentinois and Ponthieu, ruled the Dauphiné as eighth Dauphin of France (1417–1422) and as king of France/King of Bourges (1422–1423/1429)
  • Louis II of Viennois[10] (1423–1483), also king of France as Louis XI, Dauphin of Viennois, Count of Diois and Valentinois, ruled the Dauphiné as ninth Dauphin of France (1423/1429–1461) and as king of France (1461–1466)

Members of the House of Borgia

After the death of Cesar Borgia, the Duchy became a part of the French Royal domain as a part of the Dauphiné. It is now the capital of the Drôme department within the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PROVENCE". 
  2. ^ Charles Cowley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. "Comtes du Valence, Geilin", 1. fmg.ac
  3. ^ James R. Briscoe. New Historical Anthology of Music by Women. Volume 1. p. 21. Edited by: James R. Briscoe. Indiana University Press, Bloomignton, IN, USA. ISBN 0-253-21683-4
  4. ^ Catherine Léglu, Rebecca Rist, Claire Taylor. The Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade: Sourcebook. p. 13. Printed by: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London, 2014. ISBN 978-0-415-73688-6
  5. ^ Knowledge, Society for the Difussion of Useful (1 January 1838). "The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge". Charles Knight – via Google Books. 
  6. ^ D. Dudley Stutz. Papal Legates Against the Albigensians: The Debts of the Church of Valence (1215–1250). doi: 10.1353/trd.2013.0003.
  7. ^ Frachette (1998), p. 34
  8. ^ "Valence". Catholic Encyclopedia. Newadvent.org. 
  9. ^ Charity Scott-Stokes, Chris Given-Wilson. "Cantuariensis". The Chronicle of Anonymous of Canterbury. p. 83. Edited and translated by: Charity Scott-Stokes, Chris Given-Wilson. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-929714-6
  10. ^ Hastings Rashdall. The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages: Volume 2, Part 1, Italy ...Incise 14, Valence, Pag, 200. Cambridge Library Collection, Cambridge University Press, 1985. ISBN 978-1-108-01811-1
  11. ^ L. William, George, Papal Genealogy, The Families of Renaissance Popes. p. 217. McFarland and Company Inc, Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina, and London. ISBN 0-7864-2071-5, 1998, 2004.
  12. ^ L. William, George, Papal Genealogy, The Families of Renaissance Popes. p. 61. McFarland and Company Inc, Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina, and London. ISBN 0-7864-2071-5, 1998, 2004 (Borgia)
  13. ^ "D. Rodrigo de Borja (Alejandro VI). Sus hijos y descendientes / Manuel Oliver - Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes". Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes. 

Sources[edit]

  • Linskill, Joseph. "An Enigmatic Poem of Raimbaut de Vaqueiras". The Modern Language Review, 53:3 (1958), p. 355–63.

Further reading[edit]

  • Chevalier, Jules. Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des comtés de Valentinois et de Diois. Paris: 1897.
  • Duchesne, André. Histoire généalogique des comtes de Valentinois et de Diois. Paris: 1628.