# Countably generated space

(Redirected from Countable tightness)

In mathematics, a topological space X is called countably generated if the topology of X is determined by the countable sets in a similar way as the topology of a sequential space (or a Fréchet space) by the convergent sequences.

The countable generated spaces are precisely the spaces having countable tightness - therefore the name countably tight is used as well.

## Definition

A topological space X is called countably generated if V is closed in X whenever for each countable subspace U of X the set ${\displaystyle V\cap U}$ is closed in U. Equivalently, X is countably generated if and only if the closure of any subset A of X equals the union of closures of all countable subsets of A.

## Countable fan tightness

A topological space ${\displaystyle X}$ has countable fan tightness if for every point ${\displaystyle x\in X}$ and every sequence ${\displaystyle A_{1},A_{2},\ldots }$ of subsets of the space ${\displaystyle X}$ such that ${\displaystyle x\in \bigcap _{n}{\overline {A_{n}}}}$ , there are finite set ${\displaystyle B_{1}\subset A_{1},B_{2}\subset A_{2},\ldots }$ such that ${\displaystyle x\in {\overline {\bigcup _{n}B_{n}}}}$.

A topological space ${\displaystyle X}$ has countable strong fan tightness if for every point ${\displaystyle x\in X}$ and every sequence ${\displaystyle A_{1},A_{2},\ldots }$ of subsets of the space ${\displaystyle X}$ such that ${\displaystyle x\in \bigcap _{n}{\overline {A_{n}}}}$ , there are points ${\displaystyle x_{1}\subset A_{1},x_{2}\subset A_{2},\ldots }$ such that ${\displaystyle x\in {\overline {\{x_{1},x_{2},\ldots \}}}}$. Every strong Fréchet–Urysohn space has strong countable fan tightness.

## Properties

A quotient of countably generated space is again countably generated. Similarly, a topological sum of countably generated spaces is countably generated. Therefore the countably generated spaces form a coreflective subcategory of the category of topological spaces. They are the coreflective hull of all countable spaces.

Any subspace of a countably generated space is again countably generated.

## Examples

Every sequential space (in particular, every metrizable space) is countably generated.

An example of a space which is countably generated but not sequential can be obtained, for instance, as a subspace of Arens–Fort space.