Creation of man from clay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fashioning a man out of clay

The "creation of man from clay" is a miraculous birth theme that recurs throughout world religions and mythologies. Examples include:

  • In Greek mythology, according to Pseudo-Apollodorus (Bibliotheca, 1.7.1), Prometheus molded men out of water and earth.
  • In Sumerian mythology the gods Enki or Enlil create a servant of the gods, humankind, out of clay and blood (see Enki and the Making of Man). In another Sumerian story, both Enki and Ninmah create humans from the clay of the Abzu, the fresh water of the underground. They take turns in creating and decreeing the fate of the humans.[1]
  • According to Egyptian mythology the god Khnum creates human children from clay before placing them into their mother's womb.[2]
  • According to Chinese mythology (see Chu Ci and Imperial Readings of the Taiping Era), Nüwa molded figures from the yellow earth, giving them life and the ability to bear children.
  • In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elish, the goddess Ninhursag created humans from clay.
  • According to Hindu mythology the mother of Ganesh, Parvati, made Ganesh from clay and turned the clay into flesh and blood.
  • According to some Laotian folk religion, there are stories of humans created from mud or clay.
  • The Yoruba culture holds that the god Obatala likewise created the human race from clay.
  • According to Genesis 2:7 "And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul".
  • According to the Qur'an[23:12–15], God created man from clay.
  • The Māori people believe that Tāne Mahuta, god of the forest, created the first woman out of clay and breathed life into her.
  • According to Inca mythology the creator god Viracocha formed humans from clay on his second attempt at creating living creatures.
  • According to some Native American beliefs, the Earth-maker formed the figure of many men and women, which he dried in the sun and into which he breathed life.
  • In American culture, Wonder Woman was sculpted from clay by her mother Hippolyta and given life by the Greek gods.