Croatian Vukovians

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Croatian Vukovians (Serbo-Croatian: hrvatski vukovci) refers to a group of Croatian linguists that were active at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Their work focused on the standardization of the Croatian variety of Serbo-Croatian language, on the basis of principles introduced by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić, after whom they were named. They were led by Tomislav Maretić, and the most prominent members were Franjo Iveković, Ivan Broz, Pero Budmani, Armin Pavić, Vatroslav Rožić and others.[1]

At the period when Vukovians operated, the issue of a dialectal basis for literary Croatian was not yet settled. Vukovians supported the Neoštokavian Ijekavian dialect (Eastern Herzegovinian dialect) that was recorded by Karadžić and described by Đuro Daničić, and has been used since 1869 for literary Serbian as well. They advocated the use of phonological orthography. Through their positions at the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts and the University of Zagreb they exerted influence on the standardization of Croatian.[1]

They published three fundamental works:

  • Hrvatski pravopis ("Croatian orthography"), Ivan Broz, 1892
  • Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika ("Grammar and stylistics of Croatian or Serbian language"), Tomislav Maretić, 1899
  • Rječnik hrvatskoga jezika ('"Dictionary of Croatian language"), Franjo Iveković and Ivan Broz, 1901

Primarily due to political reasons as well as their professional competence, the standardological and orthographical conventions introduced and advocated by Vukovians were dominant at the end of the 19th century, and have shaped the course of the language standardization in Croatia in the first half of the 20th century. In their normative works (Maretić's grammar, Broz's orthography and the Broz-Iveković dictionary) they contributed to the final formation of the Croatian standard on Neoštokavian dialectal basis.[2]



  • Bičanić, Ante; Frančić, Anđela; Hudeček, Lana; Mihaljević, Milica (2013), Pregled povijesti, gramatike i pravopisa hrvatskog jezika (in Croatian), Croatica