Crystal Cave, Bermuda
Crystal Cave is an underground cave in the British overseas territory of Bermuda. It is located in Hamilton Parish, close to Castle Harbour. The cave is approximately 500 m long, and 62 m deep. The lower 19-20 m of the cave are below water level. The cave formed at a time when the sea level was lower as the sea level rose, many cave formations which formed above water became submerged.
A tourist attraction since 1907, it was discovered in 1905 by Carl Gibbons and Edgar Hollis, two 12-year-old boys searching for a lost cricket ball. Soon after, the Wilkinson family (the owners of the property since 1884) learned of the discovery. Mr. Percy Wilkinson lowered his 14-year-old son Bernard into it with a bicycle lamp on 140 feet of strong rope tied to a tree to explore the cave.
The area surrounding Harrington Sound (which lies to the south of Crystal Cave) is of limestone formation and is noted for its many subterranean waterways, through which the waters of the sound empty into the Atlantic Ocean. Crystal Cave is one of these, and, as its name suggests, is known for its beauty, with many stalactites, stalagmites and deep, clear pools. However, some crystal formations have been damaged by earthquakes in the distant past.
An excursion to Crystal Cave also includes the neighbouring Fantasy Cave, with Fantasy being deeper (88 steps down). Fantasy Cave was reopened in the summer of 2001 with all the pathways rebuilt and re-illuminated by artificial lighting. It was discovered and opened about the same time as Crystal Cave, but was closed by the owners in the 1940s.
The two caves located on 8 Crystal Caves Rd. at Wilkinson Ave. are accessible by bus going between Hamilton and St. George's Parishes, taxi and other private forms of transportation (including motorbike and bicycle). Outside the two caves is a sub-tropical garden lined with palm trees where many species of trees and flowers are located.
The caves are owned by the local Wilkinson Trust and are open to the public.
- "Crystal Cave, Bermuda". Wondermondo. Retrieved 2012-05-16.
- Howard, Blair (2004). Adventure Guide Bermuda (Adventure Guides Series). Edison, N.J: Hunter. p. 115. ISBN 1-58843-392-7.
- "Caves of Wonder in Bermuda: Crystal and Fantasy Caves - Travel - Excite UK". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Crystal Caves Bermuda". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
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