|Cyrtospirifer verneuili from Namur (Belgium), Upper Devonian|
It is likely that Tenticospirifer, that itself appeared during early Givetian, includes the ancestor of Cyrtospirifer. Cyrtospirifer first occurs in western Europe in the Late Givetian. Tenticospirifer has a relatively narrow hingeline and an inflated and thick shell in common with two of the oldest species known, C. verneuiliformis and C. aperturatus. This group dominated during the late Givetian, but was replaced by other species, such as C. syringothyriformis and C. verneuili which have wide hingelines and thinner shells.
Cyrtospirifer has a medium to large sized shell, wider than long.
- Rémy Gourvennec (2019). "Silurian-Devonian Spiriferida and Spiriferinida (Brachiopods) from the Tindouf Basin (Algeria)". Palaeontographica Abteilung A. 313 (4–6): 81–149. doi:10.1127/pala/2019/0083.
- Ma, Xueping; Day, Jed (2003). "Revision of Selected North American and Eurasian Late Devonian (Frasnian) species of Cyrtospirifer and Regelia (Brachiopoda)". Journal of Paleontology. 77 (2): 267–292. doi:10.1666/0022-3360(2003)077<0267:rosnaa>2.0.co;2.