Cyrus Trapaud

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Colonel Cyrus Trapaud, by Joshua Reynolds, circa 1760

General Cyrus Trapaud (18 August 1715 – 3 May 1801) was a British Army officer.

Trapaud was born in Dublin, the son of a Huguenot refugee family, and a relative of Marshal Turenne.[1]

He served in the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), accompanying the regiment to the Netherlands in 1742. As an ensign at the Battle of Dettingen, 1743, he reputedly saved the life of King George II, whose horse had bolted, and received a promotion as a reward.[2] Trapaud was also present at the battles of Battle of Fontenoy, Falkirk and Culloden.[1]

In 1760, Trapaud was made a colonel in the 70th Regiment of Foot; he was promoted to major general in 1762, lieutenant general in 1772, and full general in 1783.[3] He was Colonel of the 70th regiment from 1760 to 1778, [4] when he was transferred as Colonel to the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot.[1] [5]

On his death in 1801, he was succeeded as Colonel by Sir John Moore.[6]

Catherine Plaistow Trapaud, by Joshua Reynolds, circa 1761.

Trapaud was married to Catherine Plaistow, daughter of General Plaistow, in 1751. Her portrait was also painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Copies of these, by Edward Fisher, are held by the National Portrait Gallery.[7] Trapaud's brother was deputy Governor of Fort Augustus.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Queen's Royal Surreys
  2. ^ Trapaud.org
  3. ^ Historical Records of the British Army (Infantry), 1861
  4. ^ "70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Light Infantry.org
  6. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "Moore, John (1761-1809)". Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 368. 
  7. ^ National Portrait Gallery
  8. ^ James Boswell, The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Clavering
Colonel of the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot
1778–1801
Succeeded by
Sir John Moore
Preceded by
John Parslow
Colonel of the 70th (Glasgow Lowland) Regiment of Foot
1760–1778
Succeeded by
William Tryon