Czech legislative election, 2006

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Czech legislative election, 2006
Czech Republic
← 2002 2–3 June 2006 2010 →

All 200 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Mirek Topolánek 2006.jpg Jiří Paroubek 2006.jpg Vojtěch Filip 2006.jpg
Leader Mirek Topolánek Jiří Paroubek Vojtěch Filip
Party ODS ČSSD KSČM
Leader's seat Prague Ústí nad Labem South Bohemia
Last election 58 seats, 24.47% 70 seats, 30.20% 41 seats, 18.51%
Seats won 81 74 26
Seat change Increase23 Increase4 Decrease15
Popular vote 1,892,475 1,728,827 685,328
Percentage 35.28% 32.32% 12.81%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Miroslav Kalousek 2006.jpg Martin Bursík 2006.jpg
Leader Miroslav Kalousek Martin Bursík
Party KDU–ČSL SZ
Leader's seat South Bohemia Prague
Last election 31 seats, 14.27% 0 seats, 2.36%
Seats won 13 6
Seat change Decrease18 Increase6
Popular vote 386,706 336,487
Percentage 7,23% 6.29%

Czech parliament elections 2006 - districts winners map.png
Winning parties by district

Prime Minister before election

Jiří Paroubek
ČSSD

Elected Prime Minister

Mirek Topolánek
ODS

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 2 and 3 June 2006 to elect the members of the Chamber of Deputies.[1]

A major scandal broke out a few days before the elections when a classified report by Jan Kubice, the head of the anti-organised crime unit, was leaked to the media, accusing the ruling Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) of corruption and interference in police investigations. The Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and the Social Democratic Party, the two largest parties, obtained their highest percentage of votes ever. Turnout increased from the previous elections election in 2002.

The elections produced an evenly balanced result. One potential coalition – the Civic Democratic Party, Christian Democrats (KDU-ČSL) and Greens – won exactly half of the 200 seats, while the Social Democratic Party and the Communists (KSČM) held the other half, meaning that either coalition would struggle to pass legislation.

Following the elections, 230 days passed without a new government being formed. Eventually, a coalition government formed of the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL and the Greens passed a confidence vote on 19 January 2007, when two Social Democrat deputies abstained.

Campaign[edit]

Several weeks before the elections, police officer Jan Kubice, head of the squad for investigating organised crime, suggested that senior figures from the police and the government were trying to cover up their cooperation with organised crime. He was summoned before a parliament commission a few days before the election where he presented a document; the contents of the document were leaked immediately.

The document suggested that former Prime Minister Stanislav Gross had connections with the criminal underground and hinted that Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek was indirectly involved in a murder, dealt with the mafia and was a pedophile. It also contained information about minor officials, some of whom had already been imprisoned for bribery.[2][3]

Paroubek and the others denied these claims and accused the opposition Civic Democratic Party of trying to manufacture a scandal to help them in the elections. After the elections, Paroubek said that the allegations cost his party, the Social Democratic Party, victory and that democracy was in as much danger as in 1948, when the Communists seized power. He raised the possibility of challenging the election result, though this did not happen.[4]

Campaign Finances[edit]

Party ČSSD ODS KDU-ČSL KSČM SZ US-DEU
Money Spent 120,000,000 Kč[5] 80,000,000 KČ[5] 43,000,000 Kč[5] 22,000,000 Kč[5] 13,000,000 Kč[6] 11,000,000 Kč[6]

Electoral system[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members elected for a four-year term. Seats were allocated by proportional representation between those lists that gained over 5% of the national total of valid votes cast.

Party lists were presented in 14 regions, with votes cast for a list, although voters were allowed up to two preference votes for candidates on that list.

The Czech Republic has a parliamentary system of government, with ministers being responsible to the Chamber of Deputies. The Chamber is the most powerful organ of the state with power to override vetoes by the President and the Senate.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling Firm ODS ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL SZ US-DEU NEZDEM SNK-ED NEZ Others
2-3 Jun 2006 Election 35.3 32.3 12.8 7.2 6.3 0.3 0.7 2.1 0.6 2.4
25–26 May 2006 SC&C 30.8 24.2 12.1 5.8 8.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A
22 Ma 2006 Median 19.0 20.0 12.2 6.0 8.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A
18–24 May 2006 Factum Invenio 27.8 28.5 17.3 9.0 8.6 1.1 N/A 1.5 N/A 3.0
19. May 2006 CVVM 32.0 28.0 15.5 5.5 10.5 0.5 1.0 2.5 2.0 2.5
12 May 2016 Factum Invenio 29.0 22.8 16.7 11.3 9.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
9. May 2006 STEM 26.7 25.2 13.0 5.4 7.1 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.4 N/A
19 April 2006 STEM 26.8 21.3 13.3 4.9 10.6 0.5 N/A 1.1 0.5 N/A
18 April 2006 Factum Invenio 29.5 23.6 18.1 12.3 10.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
13 April 2006 SC&C 24.0 15.0 11.0 4.0 10.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 35.0
3 April 2006 Factum Invenio 29.3 25.3 17.6 9.9 10.5 2.2 0.6 0.8 1.7 2.1
24 March 2006 CVVM 25.5 21.0 12.5 6.5 10.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 24.5
17 March 2006 STEM 26.7 21.8 12.4 6.1 9.4 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.8 21.6
16 February 2006 STEM 28.6 24.5 15.3 6.4 5.6 0.3 0.2 0.5 1.0 15.6
2 February 2006 CVVM 36.0 35.0 14.5 8.0 3.0 1.0 N/A N/A 1.0 1.5
18 January 2006 STEM 28.6 27.2 13.2 6.7 3.4 0.5 0.3 1.0 0.8 18.3

Results[edit]

Czech Chamber of Deputies, 2006.png

The election produced a deadlock, leaving the all the coalitions which were considered likely before the election (ODS-KDU-ČSL-Greens; ČSSD-KSČM; ČSSD-KDU-ČSL-Greens) with less than the 101 votes required to pass legislation or to pass a confidence vote for the new cabinet in the Chamber of Deputies (100, 100 and 93 votes, respectively). Remaining possibilities included a grand coalition of the Civic Democratic Party and the Social Democratic Party, which would command a large majority, totalling 155 seats against 45; a minority cabinet of either of the 100-vote coalitions, which would have negotiate with the opposition to get the majority required for a confidence vote or to pass any legislation; or fresh elections.

On 26 June, the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL and the Greens announced that they had agreed on a coalition.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Civic Democratic Party 1,892,475 35.38 81 +23
Czech Social Democratic Party 1,728,827 32.32 74 +4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 685,328 12.81 26 -15
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 386,706 7.23 13 -9
Green Party 336,487 6.29 6 +6
SNK European Democrats 111,724 2.09 0 0
Independent Democrats 36,708 0.69 0 New
Independents 33,030 0.62 0 New
Common Sense Party 24,828 0.46 0 0
Right Bloc 20,382 0.38 0 0
Freedom Union – Democratic Union 16,457 0.31 0 –10
Law and Justice 12,756 0.24 0 New
Moravané 12,552 0.23 0 New
Equal Opportunities Party 10,879 0.20 0 New
National Party 9,341 0.18 0 New
Coalition for the Czech Republic 8,140 0.15 0 New
Koruna česká 7,293 0.14 0 New
Balbinova poeticka strana 6,897 0.13 0 0
4 VIZE 3,109 0.06 0 New
Czech National Social Party 1,387 0.03 0 0
Helax-Ostrava se bavi 1,375 0.03 0 New
Humanist Party 857 0.02 0 New
Folklore and Society 574 0.01 0 New
Czech Right 395 0.01 0 0
Liberal Reform Party 253 0.00 0 New
National Unity 216 0.00 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 19,519
Total 5,368,495 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,333,305 64.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ODS
  
35.38%
ČSSD
  
32.32%
KSČM
  
12.81%
KDU-ČSL
  
7.23%
SZ
  
6.29%
SNK
  
2.09%
Others
  
3.88%
Parliamentary seats
ODS
  
40.50%
ČSSD
  
37.00%
KSČM
  
13.00%
KDU-ČSL
  
6.50%
SZ
  
3.00%

Results by regions[edit]

Winning parties by region

Prague[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 317,224 48.3 14
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 152,962 23.3 6
Green Party (Strana zelených) 60,384 9.2 2
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 51,925 7.9 2
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 31,820 4.8 1
SNK - European Democrats (SNK Evropští demokraté) 23,386 3.6 -
Total (turnout 68.5%) 656,495   25

Central Bohemian Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 243,012 39.2 10
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 190,607 30.7 8
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 79,964 12.9 2
Green Party (Strana zelených) 37,219 6.0 1
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 30,207 4.9 1
SNK - European Democrats (SNK Evropští demokraté) 13,055 2.1 -
Total (turnout 66.0%) 620,047   22

South Bohemian Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 123 804 36.7 6
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 102,833 30.5 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 45,099 13.4 2
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 27,630 8.2 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 19,924 5.9 -
Total (turnout 66.0%) 620,047   13

Plzeň Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 105,391 36.5 5
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 91,606 31.7 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 40,578 14.0 2
Green Party (Strana zelených) 17,090 5.9 -
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 16,338 5.7 -
Total (turnout 63.9%) 289,049   11

Karlovy Vary Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 49,189 35.9 2
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 44,887 32.7 2
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 20,323 14.8 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 9,206 6.7 -
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 4,723 3.4 -
Total (turnout 56.5%) 137,117   5

Ústí nad Labem Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 132,895 35.5 6
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 130,365 34.8 5
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 60,175 16.1 2
Green Party (Strana zelených) 22,616 6.0 1
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 8,365 2.2 -
Total (turnout 57.2%) 374,736   14

Liberec Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 83,647 38.8 4
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 63,181 29.3 3
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 24,823 11.5 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 20,646 9.6 -
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 9,131 4.2 -
Total (turnout 62.4%) 215,510   8

Hradec Králové Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 111,466 37.7 5
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 89,204 30.1 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 89,204 11.5 1
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 19,893 6.7 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 19,819 6.7 -
SNK - European Democrats (SNK Evropští demokraté) 9,126 3.1 -
Total (turnout 66.7%) 295,931   11

Pardubice Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 91,113 33.3 4
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 90,268 33.0 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 33,956 12.4 1
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 24,023 8.8 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 17,148 6.3 -
SNK - European Democrats (SNK Evropští demokraté) 6,641 2.4 -
Total (turnout 67.4%) 273,921   10

Vysočina Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 97,568 35.4 4
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 76,393 27.7 3
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 40,480 14.7 2
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 33,587 12.2 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 13,514 4.9 -
SNK - European Democrats (SNK Evropští demokraté) 5,525 2.0 -
Total (turnout 67.6%) 275,997   10

South Moravian Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 200,619 33.0 8
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 186,779 30.7 8
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 83,687 13.7 3
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 67,865 11.1 3
Green Party (Strana zelených) 37,771 6.2 1
Total (turnout 65.3%) 608,804   23

Olomouc Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 118,334 35.4 5
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 101,151 30.3 4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 49,026 14.7 2
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 27,609 8.3 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 18,398 5.5 -
Total (turnout 64.5%) 333,849   12

Zlín Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 106,481 33.3 5
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 101,376 31.7 4
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 41,663 13.0 2
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 35,998 11.3 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 16,224 5.1 -
Total (turnout 66.9%) 319,933   12

Moravian-Silesian Region[edit]

Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická) 247,382 40.5 11
Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana) 171,565 28.1 7
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy) 85,201 14.0 3
Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party (Křesťansko-demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová) 43,852 7.2 1
Green Party (Strana zelených) 26,528 4.3 1
Total (turnout 61.0%) 610,200   23

Results of the previous election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14-15 June, 2002 Czech Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 1,440,279 30.20 70
Civic Democratic Party 1,166,975 24.47 58
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 882,653 18.51 41
Coalition (Koalice) Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 680,671 14.27 22
Freedom Union–Democratic Union 9
Union of Independents 132,699 2.78 0
Green Party 112,929 2.36 0
Republicans of Miroslav Sládek 46,325 0.97 0
Total (turnout 58.00%) 100.00 200
Source: Czech Statistical Office

References[edit]

External links[edit]