D. K. Broster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dorothy Kathleen Broster (2 September 1877 – 7 February 1950), usually known as D. K. Broster, was an English novelist and short-story writer. Her fiction consisted mainly of historical romances set in the 18th or early 19th centuries. Her best known novel is "The Flight of the Heron" (1925), the first of a Jacobite trilogy.

Biography[edit]

D. K. Broster was born on 2 September 1877 in Garston, Liverpool, at Devon Lodge (now Monksferry House) in Grassendale Park, on the banks of the Mersey,[1] "and to this she probably owed her life-long interest in the sea."[2] When she was sixteen, the family moved to Cheltenham, where she attended Cheltenham Ladies' College. From 1896 to 1898 she read history at St Hilda's College, Oxford,[3] where she was one of the first students, although at this date women were not awarded degrees.

Broster served as secretary to the Regius Professor of History for several years. Her first two novels were co-written with a college friend, Gertrude Winifred Taylor: Chantemerle: A Romance of the Vendean War (1911) and The Vision Splendid (1913) (about the Tractarian Movement).[3]

During World War I she served as a Red Cross nurse with a voluntary Franco-American hospital, but she returned to England with a knee infection in 1916. After the war, she and her friend Gertrude Schlich moved near to Battle in Sussex, where Broster worked full-time as a writer. She was in the first batch of women to receive her Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts in 1920 at Oxford.

The Yellow Poppy (1920), about the adventures of an aristocratic couple during the French Revolution, was later adapted by Broster and W. Edward Stirling for the London stage in 1922.[4] She produced her bestseller about Scottish history, The Flight of the Heron, in 1925.[3] Broster stated she had consulted eighty reference books before beginning the novel.[5] She followed it up with two successful sequels, The Gleam in the North and The Dark Mile. She wrote several other historical novels, much reprinted in their day, although this Jacobite trilogy, inspired by a five-week visit to friends in Scotland and featuring the dashing Ewen Cameron as hero, remains the best known.

Broster wrote several short horror stories, collected in "A Fire of Driftwood" and Couching at the Door.[6] The title story of "Couching at the Door" involves an artist haunted by a mysterious entity.[7] Other supernatural tales include "Clairvoyance", (1932) about a psychic girl, "Juggernaut" (1935) about a haunted chair, and "The Pestering", (1932) focusing on a couple tormented by supernatural entity.[7]

Broster avoided personal publicity. During her lifetime, many of her readers wrongly assumed she was both male and Scottish.[3] She died in Bexhill hospital on 7 February 1950, aged 73.

Critical reception[edit]

Literary historian Jack Adrian describes Couching at the Door as "a pure masterwork, one of the most satisfying weird collections of the century".[7] The poet Patricia Beer was an admirer of Broster's novels, stating she had been fascinated by The Flight of the Heron when she read it aged thirteen.[5]

Media adaptations[edit]

The Flight of the Heron has been adapted for BBC Radio twice, in 1944 (starring Gordon Jackson as Ewen Cameron)[8] and again in 1959, starring (Bryden Murdoch as Cameron).[9] Murdoch also starred in radio adaptations of the book's sequels, The Gleam in the North[10] and The Dark Mile.[11]

The supernatural tale "The Pestering"[12] was also adapted for radio.

The Flight of the Heron was made into a TV serial twice: by Scottish Television in eight episodes in 1968, and by the BBC in 1976.

Bibliography[edit]

Novels

  • Chantemerle: A Romance of the Vendean War (1911) (with G. W. Taylor)
  • The Vision Splendid (1913) (with G. W. Taylor)
  • Sir Isumbras at the Ford (1918)
  • The Yellow Poppy (1920)
  • The Wounded Name (1922)
  • "Mr. Rowl" (1924)
  • The Jacobite Trilogy
    • The Flight of the Heron (1925)
    • The Gleam in the North (1927)
    • The Dark Mile (1929)
  • Ships in the Bay! (1931)
  • Almond, Wild Almond (1933)
  • World under Snow (1935) (with G. Forester)
  • Child Royal (1937)
  • The Sea without a Haven (1941)
  • The Captain's Lady (1947)

Collections

  • A Fire of Driftwood (1932)
  • Couching at the Door: Strange and Macabre Tales (1942)

Poetry

  • The Short Voyage (1951)

Other

  • The Happy Warrior: A. A. C. de Brunet, Count de Neuilly (1926)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1881 England Census
  2. ^ Biographical note by William Heinemann Ltd on 1972 edition dust jacket
  3. ^ a b c d Lorna Sage, The Cambridge Guide to Women's Writing in English Cambridge University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-521-66813-1, p. 94.
  4. ^ J. P. Wearing, The London Stage, 1920–1929: a calendar of plays and players. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8108-1715-2, p. 148.
  5. ^ a b Diana Wallace, The Woman's Historical Novel: British women writers, 1900–2000. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. ISBN 1-4039-0322-0, pp. 7 and 29.
  6. ^ Mike Ashley, Who's Who in Horror and Fantasy Fiction. Elm Tree Books, 1977. ISBN 0-241-89528-6. (p.44)
  7. ^ a b c Jack Adrian, "Broster, D(orothy) K(athleen)", in David Pringle, ed., St. James Guide to Horror, Ghost & Gothic Writers. London: St. James Press, 1998. (pp. 95-97) ISBN 1-55862-206-3
  8. ^ 'THE FLIGHT OF THE HERON ' BBC Home Service Basic, 17 April 1944 19:15 Radio Times archive. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  9. ^ CHILDREN'S HOUR: The Flight of the Heron. BBC Home Service Basic, 25 November 1959 17:00 Radio Times archive. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  10. ^ CHILDREN'S HOUR: The Gleam In The North BBC Home Service Basic, 28 August 1960 17:00. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  11. ^ THE DARK MILE BBC Home Service Basic, 21 July 1961 17:15
  12. ^ THE PESTERING BBC Home Service Basic, 12 December 1945. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 16.15

External links[edit]