Temporal range: Late Ordovician-Mid Devonian
|Dalmanites myops internal moult, cephalon↑, pygidium↓|
The trilobites of this genus have slightly convex exoskeletons with an average length of 4–7 cm (1.5–3 in). The cephalon is semicircular or parabolic. The glabella (center portion of the head) is often pear-shaped, and tapers outward toward the front. The glabella also always contains three pairs of obvious glabellar furrows. Also prominent are the large mosaic (schizochroal) eyes.
The thorax is composed of eleven segments, with the relatively large pygidium with a slender axis of 11 to 16 rings and 6 or 7 pleural ribs. The pygidium ends in a striking tail spike.
Species previously assigned to Dalmanites
Some species formerly included in Dalmanites have now been reassigned to other genera.
- D. lapeyrei = Zeliszkella torrubiae
- D. maecurua = Amazonaspis maecurua
- D. micheli = Phacopidina micheli
- D. pleione = Bellacartwrightia pleione
- D. torrubiae = Zeliszkella torrubiae
- D. weaveri var. tenuimucronata = Bessazoon tenuimucronata
Dalmanites is genus of trilobites with an average (about 8 centimetres or 3.1 inches long), moderately vaulted exoskeleton with an inverted egg-shaped outline (about 1.5× longer than wide). Its headshield (or cephalon) is semicircular, with robust (genal) spines extending from the side of the cephalon back to approximately the 8th thorax segment. The frontal margin of the cephalon is semicircular to parabolic, and it may have a simple and short anterior extension. The facial suture lies inside or touches the preglabellar furrow. The frontal lobe of the central raised area of the cephalon (or glabella) is much wider than the other lobes. The frontal lobe is vaulted. The eye is moderate to large, about half as long as the cheek. The "seem" that is visible from the ventral side (or doublure) is wide and flat, and has a deep and wide antennal furrow. The "palate" (or hypostome), also only visible from the ventral side, is subtriangular (about as long as wide) and adorned with three weak denticles at its back rim. To the front the hypostome has weak wings extending sideways. The thorax consists of 11 segments. The tips of the segments are pointed and angle back increasingly from about 30° for the anterior segment to slightly pointing inwards for the posterior segment. The tailshield (or pygidium) is large, subtriangular, and about ⅔-¾× as long as wide. The axis is vaulted and ±35% of the width of the pygidium and consists of 12-15 rings. 9–10 deep and wide pleural furrows have flat or only slightly concave bottoms. The furrows within each pleural rib (or interpleural furrows) are very narrow. The frontal band of each pleural rib is more vaulted and broader than the rear band. The pleural furrows almost reach the margin. The pygidial termination (or mucro) is vaulted and more or less pointed into a spine, which may differ between species. The entire exoskeleton is covered in fine and coarse granules.
- Dalmanites at Fossilworks.org
- "Dalmanites lapeyrei Bureau 1889". Global Names Index.
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- Corbacho, Joan (2011). "Trilobites from the Upper Ordovician of Bou Nemrou - El Kaid Errami (Morocco) [Trilobites del Ordovícico Superior de Bou Nemrou - El Kaid Errami (Marruecos)]" (PDF). Batelleria. 16: 16–31.
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- Budil, Petr; Thomas, Alan Trevor; Hörbinger, František (2008). "Exoskeletal architecture, hypostomal morphology and mode of life of Silurian and Lower Devonian dalmanited trilobites" (PDF). Bulletin of Geosciences. 83 (1): 2–10. doi:10.3140/bull.geosci.2008.01.001. Retrieved 2014-01-07.