Dan Gavriliu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Dan Gavriliu (April 26, 1915 in Brăila -- November 4, 2012)[1] was a Romanian surgeon who performed the first total surgical replacement of the human esophagus, using sections of stomach to bypass damaged or deformed tissue.[2]

Gavriliu first performed the operation on April 20, 1951;[3] it was the first successful replacement of a human organ. After describing his procedure in the scientific literature,[4] however, Gavriliu did not write extensively about his research, as he could not afford to pay the publication fees.[5]


Gavriliu was made a Knight-Cavalier of the Italian Republic and an emeritus member of the International Society of Surgery in 1983.[6] In 1985 he was inducted into the Académie Nationale de Médecine.[7]


  1. ^ Dan Gavriliu (1915-2012), the Patriarch of Romanian Surgery, Dies at 97, from the World Journal of Surgery, March 13, 2012; by Eugen Tarcoveanu, Alin Vasilescu, Dumitru Dorobat, and Cristian Romanec
  2. ^ Heimlich falsely claims he invented surgical procedure - Romanian replaced esophagus years before, from The Cincinnati Enquirer, by Robert Anglen; published March 16, 2003; retrieved April 27, 2012.
  3. ^ Gavrilu's operation at Who Named It?, by Ole Daniel Enersen; retrieved April 27, 2012
  4. ^ Dan Gavriliu and Leonida Georgescu: Esofagoplastie directã cu material gastric (anastomozã eso.gastricã). Rivista Stiintelor Medicale, June 1951, 3: 33-36.
  5. ^ History of Esophageal Replacements at TEF/VATER International, by Greg Burke; retrieved April 27, 2012.
  6. ^ "Prof. Dr. Doc. Dan Gavriliu la 95 ani", by Gh. Dinu, originally published in Chirurgia (2010) 105: 435-436, no. 3
  7. ^ Biography of Gavriliu at Who Named It?, by Ole Daniel Enersen; retrieved April 27, 2012.