Daphne Maurer

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Daphne Maurer
CitizenshipCanadian
OccupationProfessor of Psychology
Spouse(s)Charles Maurer
AwardsDonald O. Hebb Distinguished Contribution Award (2015)
Academic background
Alma materUniversity of Minnesota
Doctoral advisorPhilip Salapatek
Academic work
InstitutionsMcMaster University

Daphne Maurer FRSC is a Canadian developmental psychologist and professor emeritus in the Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour at McMaster University.[1] She is known for her work on the development of visual perception in humans, starting in infancy.[2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

Maurer received a B.A. with honours at Swarthmore College, an M.A. in psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, and a PhD in child development at the University of Minnesota.[4]

Research and career[edit]

Maurer's Visual Development Lab at McMaster University focuses on understanding the development of visual perception and, to a lesser extent, on understanding synaesthesia. She has published approximately 200 papers in scientific journals, including Nature, Science and Nature Neuroscience.[5] "Her work has reshaped our understanding of the infant's sensory world and its development," according to the citation for the Hebb award.[6]

Maurer's research has mostly been basic science but it has had practical import: it has informed the treatment of congenital cataract and it has shown that some kinds of video game can ameliorate adult amblyopia.[7]

Maurer has studied the methods, utility, and practicality of screening the vision of kindergarteners throughout the province of Ontario. (Studies of other jurisdictions are not directly applicable because of different medical systems, ethnicity, and geography.) Her research has led the Province to begin universal vision screening in senior kindergarten beginning in the school year 2018–2019.[8]

In 1988, Maurer published with her husband, Charles Maurer, The World of the Newborn, a science book that examines the development of the newborn baby from the baby's perspective.[9][10][3] A review published in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology called it "a landmark book; it is among those rare titles that successfully offer a startlingly fresh perspective on their subject matter."[11] "It leads the authors into complex and tantalizing constructions of the baby's sensorium," wrote The New York Times.[9] The World of the Newborn won the book award of the American Psychological Association and was translated into five languages.[4]

In 2019 she and her husband published Pretty Ugly: Why we like some songs, faces, foods, plays, pictures, poems, etc., and dislike others. This combines experimental science with a cross-cultural history of the arts to show why and how people develop a sense of beauty.[12]

Maurer has commented on child development, vision and synaesthesia for many media outlets including The New York Times and New Scientist.[13][14] She also has a long interest in research ethics and currently sits on Canada's national Interagency Advisory Panel on Research Ethics.

Awards and honours[edit]

Maurer is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, of the Association for Psychological Science, and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2015 she was awarded the Donald O. Hebb Distinguished Contribution Award from the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science. In 2011 McMaster awarded her the title Distinguished University Professor, then in 2017 awarded her an honorary degree.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Maurer, D., & Salapatek, P. (1976). Developmental changes in the scanning of faces by young infants. Child Development, 47(2), 523–527.
  • Maurer, D., & Barrera, M. (1981). Infants' perception of natural and distorted arrangements of a schematic face. Child Development, 52(1), 196–202.
  • Maurer, D., & Maurer, C. The World of the Newborn. New York: Basic Books, 1988.
  • Maurer, D., Le Grand, R., & Mondloch, C. J. (2002). The many faces of configural processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(6), 255–260.
  • Lewis, T. L., & Maurer, D. (2005). Multiple sensitive periods in human visual development: evidence from visually deprived children. Developmental Psychobiology, 46(3), 163–183.
  • Maurer, D., Pathman, T., & Mondloch, C. J. (2006). The shape of boubas: Sound–shape correspondences in toddlers and adults. Developmental Science, 9(3), 316–322.
  • Mondloch, C. J., Maurer, D., & Ahola, S. (2006). Becoming a face expert. Psychological Science, 17(11), 930–934.
  • Maurer, C., & Maurer, D. Pretty Ugly: Why we like some songs, faces, foods, plays, pictures, poems, etc., and dislike others. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Professor Emeriti - Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour | McMaster University". www.science.mcmaster.ca. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  2. ^ a b "McMaster researcher recognized for pioneering work on visual development in infants". Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  3. ^ a b Dreifus, Claudia (2012-08-27). "How Video Games Could Improve Our Vision". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  4. ^ a b "Daphne Maurer". McMaster University. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  5. ^ "Short CV". Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  6. ^ "Distinguished Contribution Award". csbbcs.org. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  7. ^ Jeon, Seong Taek; Maurer, Daphne; Lewis, Terri L. (2012-07-07). "The Effect of Video Game Training on the Vision of Adults with Bilateral Deprivation Amblyopia". Seeing and Perceiving. 25 (5): 493–520. doi:10.1163/18784763-00002391. ISSN 1878-4755.
  8. ^ "Vision Screening: Home". www.visionscreening.ca. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  9. ^ a b "MIND/BODY/HEALTH; FRESH FROM THE BOOMY, BUMPY WOMB". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  10. ^ Maurer, Daphne; Maurer, Charles (1988). The world of the newborn. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 9780465092307.
  11. ^ Sexton, Miriam (1991-04-01). "Book Reviews". Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 16 (2): 248–250. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/16.2.248. ISSN 0146-8693.
  12. ^ "Pretty Ugly, a Book on the Biology of Aesthetics". prettyugly.info. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  13. ^ Dreifus, Claudia. "How Video Games Could Improve Our Vision". Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  14. ^ "Do we all have some synaesthetic ability?". New Scientist. Retrieved 2018-08-09.

External links[edit]