Kranichstein

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Kranichstein
Stadtteil of Darmstadt
Kranichstein  is located in Germany
Kranichstein
Kranichstein
Coordinates: 49°53′54″N 8°40′37″E / 49.89833°N 8.67694°E / 49.89833; 8.67694Coordinates: 49°53′54″N 8°40′37″E / 49.89833°N 8.67694°E / 49.89833; 8.67694
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Urban district
City Darmstadt
Area
 • Total 6.555 km2 (2.531 sq mi)
Elevation 140[2] m (Bad rounding hereFormatting error: invalid input when rounding ft)
Population (2011-03-31)
 • Total 11,833[1]
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 64289
Dialling codes 06151
Website www.darmstadt.de
Kranichstein

Kranichstein is a district in the city of Darmstadt. The town started with housing construction in the 1960s and now also has a number of residential high-rises. Often referred to as Darmstadt-Kranichstein.

Geographical location[edit]

Kranichstein lies in the Northeast of Darmstadt center. It is bordered to the north by Darmstadt-Wixhausen, and to the west is Darmstadt-Arheilgen.

History[edit]

The primeval history is close geographical to Arheilgen. Seehistory of Arheilgen.

Middle Ages[edit]

On 6 May 1399 appears the first mention of Einsiedel-Rod at Messel way and was later named after its owner Cranich to Dirmstein, which Kranichstein derived his name: Kranich-Rod or Kranich-Rotth. Kranichstein is also the name of a hunting lodge started in 1578, by Landgraf Georg I. of Hessen-Darmstadt. The Kranichstein castle lodge, just East of the city of Kranichstein, is one of the few preserved baroque hunter spots in Germany. Today the facility houses a hunting museum and a hotel with restaurant. Landgrave Ernst Ludwig (1667-1739) and Louis VIII (1691-1768) also made use of the Kranichstein hunting lodge.[3]

Kranichstein hunting lodge and museum

Modern times[edit]

In 1968, the Darmstadt relatively large urban development project "Kranichstein" was started, the designs were by Ernst May . The draft plans saw an expansion of the city by 18,000 new residents. The city plans had a system of the civil parks, with artificial hills and several ponds that were created with clay pits, also the Brentano lake. Kranichstein is known for its passive houses, (Passivhaus in German) this refers to voluntary standard for energy efficiency in a building, reducing its ecological footprint

A building based on the passive house concept in Darmstadt-Kranichstein, Germany

Transportation[edit]

Kranichstein is serviced by the public transport streetcars line 4 and 5 with service to the downtown Darmstadt. Additionally, there is a bus connection with the lines H and U to the downtown Darmstadt. Kranichstein has train service to Darmstadt main station and to Wiesbaden and Mainz Hauptbahnhof on regional train line 75, called the Rhein-Main-Bahn RB 75.[4] Rail routes: RB 15703, RB 15707, RB 15708, RB 15712, and STR 5 also serve the Kranichstein rail stop, with Busline A Darmstadt. Bus line H and U serve the town.

Darmstadt-Kranichstein Railway Museum is as very large railway museum with some operational historical working Steam locomotives.

The Darmstadt-Kranichstein Railway Museum
Bavarian BB II at the Darmstadt-Kranichstein Railway Museum

Boroughs of Darmstadt[edit]

Darmstadt has 9 official 'Stadtteile' (boroughs). These are, alphabetically:[1]

Map of Kranichstein area

References[edit]

Kranichstein Train Station

External links[edit]