David Bar-Hayim

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Rabbi David Bar-Hayim
Position Founder and director
Organisation Machon Shilo ('Shiloh Institute')
Personal details
Birth name David Mandel
Born Sydney, Australia
Nationality Australian / Israeli
Residence Jerusalem, Israel
Occupation Rabbi, Dayan, Posek
Profession Av Beit Din at 'Beth HaWaad' beth din
Alma mater Merkaz Harav Kook yeshiva

David Bar-Hayim (Hebrew: דוד חנוך יצחק ב"ר חיים) is an Israeli rabbi who heads the Machon Shilo (Shiloh Institute) in Jerusalem, Israel.


Rabbi Bar-Hayim was born David Mandel 24 February 1960 in Sydney, Australia. He studied at the Merkaz Harav Kook yeshiva in Jerusalem for 10 years. He now lectures in the greater Jerusalem area and publishes articles in English and Hebrew on various web sites.[1] Although an Orthodox rabbi, Bar-Hayim prefers the terms “Halakhic Judaism”, “Torah Judaism”, explaining that "Orthodox Judaism is flawed as it was by definition a response to the rise of Reform Judaism in the early 19th century Germany. Responding to the Reform movement’s complete disregard for traditional practice and established religious jurisprudence, the new and reactionary “Orthodox Judaism” (a previously unknown term) adopted an extreme and opposite approach, viz. that the Ashkenazi Jewish practice which had evolved in Europe until that time should be enshrined, denying the possibility of any change whatever, even where such change is mandated by the Torah itself."[2]

Eretz Yisrael[edit]

He has proposed the re-establishment of Minhagei Eretz Yisrael, religious customs and practices that reflect those of the pre-exile Jewish communities in Israel, rather than those of Babylon or Europe. For this purpose, he has published a prayer book intended to reflect the ancient nusach tefillah of ancient Israel, "Nusach Eretz Yisrael", based upon the Jerusalem Talmud, for use at his Machon Shilo,[3] a beth din and an institute of Jewish learning in Jerusalem dedicated to Torat Eretz Yisrael.[4]

Halachic Rulings[edit]

In light of the fact that Israel, again, is a sovereign Jewish state with Jerusalem as its capital, Bar-Hayim has argued for increased utilization of the Jerusalem Talmud. Especially, in regard to Torat Eretz Yisrael and Minhagei Eretz Yisrael he finds lucidity in rulings contained therein,[5] as opposed to "galut-mode Judaism" which gives supremacy to the Babylonian Talmud.[2]


In 2007 Rabbi Bar Hayim issued the ruling that any Jew worldwide, not only Ashkenazim in Israel, regardless of their origin and despite the practice of their forefathers, may eat kitniyot ("legumes") on Pesach,[6][7] as most Sefardi Jews do, because it is a practice rejected by halachic authorities as early as the time of its emergence as an unnecessary precaution.


Posek Bar-Hayim has ruled that when the first day of Sukkot falls on Shabbat, Israeli Jews should follow the Mishna and Talmud Yerushalmi's ruling and perform the lulav ritual.[8]

He ruled that one should say Hallel on Israeli Independence Day.[9]


  1. ^ "Rabbi David Bar-Hayim's Articles - OpEds". israelnationalnews.com. Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Zellman, Ariel. "Interview with Rabbi David Bar-Hayim". Blog. 
  3. ^ Ezra. "Kotel is the Place to be Tuesday". kumah.org. Kumah, Inc. , March 19, 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Rabbi David Bar-Hayim". jewishpress.com/author/. JewishPress.com. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Bar-Hayim, HaRav David. "Is the Halacha Based Exclusively on the Talmud Bavli? The Chafetz Chayim Did Not Think So.". Machon Shilo. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Jeffay, Nathan (April 1, 2009). "Pesach Kitniyot Rebels Roil Rabbis As Some Ashkenazim Follow New, Permissive Ruling" (News, Community News). The Forward Association, Inc. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Ahren, Raphael (April 15, 2011). "Efrat rabbi tilts against Passover food restrictions for Ashkenazi Jews" (Home - Weekend - Anglo File). Haaretz Daily Newspaper Ltd. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  8. ^ "The Misswa of Lulav on Shabbat". , (pdf)
  9. ^ Bar-Hayim, David. "Judaism: The Rebbe's Hallel - The Halachic basis for Hallel on Independence Day". israelnationalnews.com. Arutz Sheva - April 23, 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 

External links[edit]