David Bayford

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David Bayford
Born 1739
Died 1790 (aged 50–51)
Occupation Surgeon and Physician
Known for Dysphagia lusoria

David Bayford, FRS (c.1739 – 1790) was a London surgeon, who practised from 1761 to 1782. In later years of his life he practised as a physician.[1]


He was born in Hertfordshire and educated as a surgeon. He became a member of the Corporation of Surgeons, and practised as such for some years at Lewes, Sussex. [2]

In 1761, while still an apprentice surgeon, he made his discovery of the unique and bizarre cause—compression of the oesophagus by an aberrant right subclavian artery—of a fatal case of obstructed deglutition for which he coined the term dysphagia lusoria and for which he is eponymously remembered. This discovery remained unrecorded until 1787, when a paper describing the case was read on his behalf before the Medical Society of London.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1770, when he was described as a Professor of Anatomy at Surgeon's Hall; and many years Lecturer in that Science and the Operations of Surgery. [3]

He was created MD by Frederick Cornwallis, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 1782. Later disbarred as a surgeon, he was admitted a Licentiate of the College of Physicians in 1787. [2]


  1. ^ "David Bayford. His syndrome and sign of dysphagia lusoria". 61 (1). January 1979: 63–7. PMC 2494476Freely accessible. PMID 369446. 
  2. ^ a b "David Bayford". Royal College of Surgeons. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "=Fellows Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 17 January 2017.