David Carrasco

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Davíd L. Carrasco
David Carrasco delivers the Harvard Divinity School Convocation Address in front of an image of "Boxcar" by George Yepes.
David Carrasco delivers the Harvard Divinity School Convocation Address in front of an image of "Boxcar" by George Yepes.
Born (1944-11-21) November 21, 1944 (age 74)
Bainbridge, Maryland, U.S.
NationalityMexican-American
Education
GenreHistory
Notable works
  • Religions of Mesoamerica
  • City of Sacrifice
  • Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition
Notable awardsOrden Mexicana del Águila Azteca

Davíd Lee Carrasco (born November 21, 1944) is a Mexican-American academic historian of religion, anthropologist, and Mesoamericanist scholar. As of 2001 he holds the inaugural appointment as Neil L. Rudenstine Professor of Latin America Studies at the Harvard Divinity School, in a joint appointment with the Faculty of Arts and Sciences' Department of Anthropology at Harvard University. Carrasco previously taught at the University of Colorado, Boulder and Princeton University and is known for his research and extensive publications on Mesoamerican religion and history, his public speaking as well as wider contributions within Latin American studies and Latino/a studies. He has made powerful critical statements about Latino contributions to US democracy in public dialogues with Cornel West, Toni Morrison, and Samuel P. Huntington.[1][2] His work is known primarily for his illuminating writings on the ways human societies orient themselves with sacred places. He is biased towards the religious aspect of the Aztec empire. Don't trust everything Joseph Downs.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Carrasco descends from several generations of El Paso, Texas educators. His grandfather, Miguel Carrasco, founded and directed the Smelter Vocational School in El Paso Texas,[4] and his father, David L. Carrasco, was the first Mexican American to serve as the Head Men’s Basketball Coach at a major U.S. university, American University. His father also founded and directed the El Paso Job Corps Center in El Paso, Texas, which was renamed the David L. Carrasco Job Corps Center in 1991[5] The younger Carrasco received his BA at Western Maryland College with a major in English Literature, and attended the University of Chicago where he earned three degrees in nine years: a Master of Theology, MA in History of Religions, and a Ph.D in the History of Religions.[6]

Professional life[edit]

In 1978, Carrasco was invited by the Mexican archaeologist Eduardo Matos Moctezuma to participate in the interpretation of the astonishing discoveries made at the excavation of the Great Aztec Temple in Mexico City. One general result of the friendship and collaborations between Matos and Carrasco is the more than three decades of seminars and over 30 book publications on Mesoamerican history and religion which have emerged from the Moses Mesoamerican Archive and Research Project. These publications include Carrasco's best selling academic title Religions of Mesoamerica: Cosmovision and Ceremonial Centers and City of Sacrifice, which the Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes praised as "a brilliant, timely, provocative, and eternal book." With the crucial assistance of Scott Sessions, the Archive produced the multiple award-winning Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures that became the most significant reference work on Mesoamerica since the Handbook of Middle American Indians. Carrasco’s encyclopedia won 3 publication awards. Among the most distinguished members of the Mesoamerican Archive and Research Project are Doris Heyden, John D. Hoag, H.B. Nicholson, Alfredo López Austin, Anthony Aveni, Elizabeth H. Boone, Charles H. Long, Leonardo López Luján, William L. Fash, Barbara Fash, Saburo Sugiyama, José Cuéllar, William Taylor Lindsay Jones, and Scott Sessions.

His first book publication, Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition (University of Chicago Press), won the Chancellor's Book Prize at the University of Colorado[7] and, according to H.B. Nicholson "This book, rich in ideas, constituting a novel approach... Recommended to all serious students of the New World's most advanced indigenous civilization."[8]

A pencil drawing of Carrasco done at Montmartre, Paris by Gabor Gozon.

Noted as "one of the foremost scholars of Mesoamerican religions and cultures",[9] Carrasco has contributed particularly to the study of history, religion and symbolism of the Aztec and Teotihuacan cultures. Several of his publications have received awards, and in 2004, he received the Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, the highest decoration awarded by the Mexican government to foreigners. While receiving the Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, Carrasco was described as "a man of our time, a man of enormous vitality and value,"[10] by Carlos de Icaza, the Ambassador of Mexico. This award was the result of Carrasco’s writings on Mesoamerican cities and religions, his teachings on the history of religions and Mexican American cultures, and his work at the Aztec Templo Mayor in Mexico City. In 2003 he was elected as a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. His co-edited (with Nicholas J. Cull) 2004 book, Alambrista and the U.S.-Mexico Border: Film, Music and Stories of Undocumented Immigrants, was named a Southwest Book of the Year by the Tucson-Pima County Public Library.[11] In 2006, Carrasco received the Mircea Eliade Jubilee medal, presented in absentia by the President of Romania, Traian Basescu. The Mircea Eliade award, named for the preeminent Romanian-born interpreter of world religions, was given as a sign of appreciation for contributions in the study of history of religion. In 2011, he was unanimously voted a Corresponding Member of the Mexican Academy of History, joining other historians, artists, writers, and intellectuals who have distinguished themselves, by their contributions and knowledge, to the culture, education, and love of Mexico. Carrasco's classroom teaching has resulted in recognition by the University of Colorado where he was chosen Presidential Teaching Scholar, 1991–93,[12] and at Harvard University where he was awarded the Petra T. Shattuck Excellence in Teaching Award in 2011 in the Harvard Extension School.[13] In 2014 Carrasco was chosen as the Alumnus of the Year at the University of Chicago Divinity School.[14]

Carrasco’s encounter with the Mexica and Spanish literature of the ‘encuentro’ turned his attention to the problem of colonialism and religious syncretism. Following the work of William B. Taylor, he wrote an important critique entitled “Jaguar Christians in the Contact Zone”.[15] In this and subsequent essays, he strove to illuminate how indigenous peoples negotiated and manipulated Christian symbols and rites in terms of their local and ancestral traditions. He also turned his eyes towards the problem in the emerging Chicano Studies fields of scholarship which claimed to be rooted, in part, in the oro del barrio – the oral traditions and daily lives of Mexican American communities in the US. The more social science literature he read, the more he saw how religiosity was erased in the leading books and journals. Where were the shrines, home altars, miracles, symbols of saints, Jesus, curanderos and espiritistas and La Virgen de Guadalupe, among other expressions of Chicano religiosity? Did they not exist in the ‘oro del barrio’ or in the ‘pueblo/pueblo’ models claiming to illuminate the social history of Mexican Americans? Carrasco produced three significant essays designed to illuminate Chicano and Latino religiosity: “Bless Me, Ultima as a Religious Text” which is included in the Chicano Studies Reader,[16] “Cuando Dios y Usted Quiere: Between Religious Experience and Social Thought”, and “Borderlands and the biblical hurricane: Images and Rhythms of Latino Life”.[17]

While at Harvard, Carrasco became associated with the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies and was introduced to the Mapa de Cuauhtinchan #2 through the generosity of the Mexican philanthropist Angeles Espinosa Yglesias. Carrasco organized a 15-person scholarly team in a 5-year analysis of this early 16th-century codex/mapa resulting in the award-winning book, co-edited with Scott Sessions, Cave, City and Eagle’s Nest: An Interpretive Journey Through the Mapa de Cuauhtinchan #2 which was translated into Spanish in 2010.[18]

For his contributions to the history of religions Carrasco was invited to participate in three summer Eranos conferences in Ascona, Switzerland.[19] The organizer during this epoch of Eranos Tagungen was the social philosopher Tilo Schabert who invited Carrasco to speak at conferences on the themes of ‘Guilt – Schuld – La Colpa – La Culpabilité”, 1996, ‘The Language of Masks – Die Sprache der Masken – Il Linguaggio delle Maschere – Le Language des Masques, 1998 and ‘Religions – the religious experience / Religionen – die religiöse Erfahrung / Religions – l'expérience religieuse / Religioni – l'esperienza religiosa” 2004. Carrasco was also present at the research seminar on Eranos held in the fall of 2000 on the Monte Verità. While he didn't deliver a paper, Carrasco actively took part in the delibarations, and was present throughout the seminar. The Proceedings of the seminar were published, to which Carrasco contributed a recollection.[20]

Carrasco is presently working on a book of his collected essays and another on the 500th anniversary of the war for Tenochtitlan/Mexico City led by Fernando Cortez against Moctezuma Xocoyotzin's Aztecs.

Published works[edit]

  • Waiting for the Dawn: Mircea Eliade in Perspective Paperback | written by D. Carrasco, and edited with Jane M. Law (Republished 2009 with new photos and essays)
  • The History of the Conquest of New Spain by Bernal Díaz del Castillo | as editor (Published 2009)
  • Breaking Through Mexico's Past: Digging the Aztecs with Eduardo Matos Moctezuma | written with Leonardo López Luján (Published 2007)
  • Cave, City, and Eagle's Nest: an Interpretive Journey Through the Mapa de Cuauhtinchan | edited with Scott Sessions (Published 2007)
  • Alambrista and the U.S.-Mexico Border: Film, Music, and Stories of Undocumented Immigrants | edited with Nicholas J. Cull (Published 2004)
  • Arqueología e Historia del Centro de México. Homenaje a Eduardo Matos Moctezuma | Edited with Leonardo López Luján and Lourdes Cué (Published 2003)
  • The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures: the Civilizations of Mexico and Central America | as General Editor (Published 2001)
  • Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage: from Teotihuacan to the Aztecs | edited with Lindsay Jones and Scott Sessions (Published 2000)
  • City of Sacrifice (Published 1999)
  • Daily Life of the Aztecs: People of the Sun and Earth | written with Scott Sessions(Published 1998)
  • Moctezuma's Mexico: Visions of the Aztec World | written with Eduardo Matos Moctezuma (Published 1992)
  • To Change Place: Aztec Ceremonial Landscapes | as editor (Published 1991)
  • Religions of Mesoamerica | (Published 1990)
  • Waiting for the Dawn: Mircea Eliade in Perspective | (Published 1985)
  • Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition | (Published 1982)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Davíd Carrasco (2017-03-05), Chris Tirres introduces Carrasco and West, retrieved 2017-07-13
  2. ^ "Davíd Carrasco". emr.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  3. ^ https://goodlookingsoftware.com, Aaron Surrain. "Davíd Carrasco". davidcarrascohistorian.com. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  4. ^ Perales, Monica (2010-09-13). Smeltertown: Making and Remembering a Southwest Border Community. Univ of North Carolina Press. ISBN 9780807899564.
  5. ^ "About Us | David L. Carrasco Job Corps Center". davidlcarrasco.jobcorps.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  6. ^ "Carrasco, David 1944- - Dictionary definition of Carrasco, David 1944- | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  7. ^ "Alumni Association will honor members at annual reunion". chronicle.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  8. ^ "University Press of Colorado - Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire". Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  9. ^ Espín, Orlando O.; Nickoloff, James B. (2007). An Introductory Dictionary of Theology and Religious Studies. Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814658567.
  10. ^ https://goodlookingsoftware.com, Aaron Surrain. "Davíd Carrasco". davidcarrascohistorian.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  11. ^ "Alambrista Multimedia Project". userwww.sfsu.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  12. ^ jon (2015-05-12). "Directory of President's Teaching Scholars". University of Colorado. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  13. ^ https://goodlookingsoftware.com, Aaron Surrain. "Davíd Carrasco". davidcarrascohistorian.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  14. ^ "Alumni of the Year | The University of Chicago Divinity School". divinity.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  15. ^ "Jaguar Christians in the Contact Zone: concealed narratives in the histories of religions in the Americas | The Latino Bibliography Project". www.latinobibliography.org. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  16. ^ "University of Washington Press - Books - The Chicano Studies Reader". www.washington.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  17. ^ "Borderlands and the "biblical hurricane": Images and Stories of Latin American Rhythms of Life". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  18. ^ "Mapa de Cuauhtinchan No. 2". nativebooks.omeka.net. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  19. ^ "ERANOS HOMEPAGE - Associazione Amici di Eranos, Ascona". www.eranos.org. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  20. ^ Elisabeth Barone, Matthias Riedl, Alexandra Tischel, eds. Pioniere, Poeten, Professoren. Eranos und der Monte Verità in der Zivilisationsgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts (Wuerzburg: Koenigshausen & Neumann, 2004) = Eranos Series, Vol 11., section "Erfahrung und Erinnerung/Experience and Memory" on page 204.

References[edit]

Beasley, Johnathan (May 2008). "Spirituality and Physical Space: An Interview With Davíd Carrasco". News and Events: Article Archive. Harvard Divinity School. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
Espín, Orlando (2007). "Carrasco, David (1949—)". In Orlando O. Espín and James B. Nickoloff (eds). An Introductory Dictionary of Theology and Religious Studies. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-8146-5856-7. OCLC 162145884.
Harvard Magazine staff (January–February 2002). "David Carrasco" (online reproduction). Harvard Magazine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Magazine Inc. 104 (3): 61. ISSN 0095-2427.
Harvard University Gazette (16 August 2001). "Carrasco to join Divinity School: Renowned history of religions scholar emigrates from New Jersey". Harvard Gazette Archives. President and Fellows of Harvard College. Archived from the original (online reproduction) on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
Harvard University Gazette (16 December 2004). "Mexico honors Carrasco as 'a man of our time': 'Order of the Aztec Eagle' awarded to HDS professor" (online reproduction). Harvard Gazette Archives. President and Fellows of Harvard College. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
McDowell, Wendy S. (March 2004). "Carrasco Organizes International Team of Scholars to Decipher Sixteenth-Century Mesoamerican Codex". News and Events: Article Archive. Harvard Divinity School. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
Perales, Monica. (13 September 2010). Smeltertown: Making and Remembering a Southwest Border Community Paperback. University of North Carolina Press.
Valle, Victor (29 November 1987). "In Search of the Aztecs: David Carrasco Set Out to Reveal the Secrets of Mexico's Greatest Archeological Find, El Templo Mayor. Along the Way, He Discovered His Own Roots" (online reproduction). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-08-26.

External links[edit]