David Franklin (broadcaster)
Henry Cyril Franklin (17 May 1908 – 22 October 1973), known professionally as David Franklin was an English opera singer and broadcaster. His professional singing career, which began in 1936, was twice cut short, first by army service in the Second World War and then by a throat operation in 1951, which badly affected his singing voice and forced him to retire. He made a second career as a writer and broadcaster, becoming known to a wider public through his appearances on the BBC radio shows My Music and Twenty Questions.
Life and career
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Franklin was born in London in 1908, the son of Henry James Franklin, a joiner, and his wife Jane Maria, née Chapman. He was educated at Alleyn's School, Dulwich, and St Catharine's College, Cambridge, and worked as a schoolmaster from 1930 to 1935, singing as a pastime. In 1931 he married Hilda Bickell, with whom he had two sons and two daughters; the sons both died in infancy.
After lessons from the singing teacher Jani Strasser, Franklin auditioned for Fritz Busch, the musical director of Glyndebourne and was invited to perform at the 1936 Glyndebourne Festival, playing the Commendatore in Don Giovanni and the Second Priest in The Magic Flute. In the latter work he was promoted to the role of Sarastro for the 1937 Festival, in succession to Alexander Kipnis. The Times said of him:
In 1938 he again sang the Commendatore and added Banquo in the English premiere of Verdi's Macbeth, to the Macbeth of Francesco Valentino. In addition to opera, during the late 1930s he established himself as, in the words of The Times, one of the country's leading oratorio basses.
After war-time service Franklin appeared at Sadler's Wells in 1946 as Sir James Pinchbeck (Cancian) in the first performance in England of I quattro rusteghi and then joined the new resident company at Covent Garden as principal bass until a throat condition ended his singing career in 1951. He created the role of Mars in the premiere of Arthur Bliss's The Olympians, and in the Italian repertoire he sang Sparafucile in Rigoletto, Ramfis in Aida and Colline in La bohème.
In the German opera repertoire Franklin played Sarastro, Rocco in Fidelio, King Mark in Tristan und Isolde, Hunding in Die Walküre, Fafner in Das Rheingold and Siegfried, Pogner in Die Meistersinger and, a part for which he was particularly well known, Baron Ochs in Der Rosenkavalier.[n 1] His other roles included Zuniga in Carmen and Pimen in Boris Godunov. The Times commented, "in all these parts his resonant, deep bass of uncommon range and his height and dignity of bearing were great assets".
During Franklin's time at Covent Garden almost all performances were given in English, a practice with which he was strongly in sympathy. He placed a high value on putting across the drama of operas, which he felt was best done in the vernacular. After he retired from singing he appeared again at Covent Garden in the speaking role of Zamiel, the demon "Black Huntsman" in Der Freischütz in 1956.
An operation to treat an enlarged thyroid badly damaged Franklin's singing voice and led to his retirement from professional singing in 1951. He turned to writing and broadcasting. He wrote the libretto for Phyllis Tate's opera The Lodger. From 1967 to 1973 he was a team member on the light-hearted BBC radio quiz My Music. He also became the chairman of the long-running radio panel game Twenty Questions from 1970 to 1972, in succession to Stewart MacPherson, Gilbert Harding and Kenneth Horne. In 1970 he published an autobiography, Basso Cantante, which Alan Blyth described in The Musical Times as "an outspoken, wise, amusing book from which both singers and the layman can learn much".
Notes and references
- "Henry Cyril Franklin", Ancestry UK. Retrieved 4 May 2021 (subscription required)
- "Obituary: Mr David Franklin", The Times, 23 October 1973, p. 18
- "Glyndebourne Festival", The Times, 1 June 1936, p. 8
- "Die Zauberflöte", The Times, 22 May 1937, p. 10
- "Glyndebourne Festival", 23 May 1938, p. 12
- "David Franklin", Royal Opera House Performance Database. Retrieved 4 May 2021
- "Rosenkavalier After Fifty Years", The Times, 5 June 1959, p. 4
- "Rosenkavalier", Birmingham Daily Gazette, 1 October 1947, p. 2
- Blyth, Alan. "Literary Singer", The Musical Times, January 1970, pp. 45–46 (subscription required)
- "The Lodger as an Opera", The Times, 15 July 1960, p. 16