David Price (Royal Navy officer)
|David Powell Price|
|Died||25 November 1854 (aged 63–64)
Off Petropavlovsk, Russia
|Years of service||1801–1854|
|Commands held||Pacific Station
|Awards||Order of the Redeemer (Greece)
Sabre from Muhammad Ali of Egypt
Joining the navy on HMS Ardent in 1801, he fought at Copenhagen that year and then in the West Indies on HMS Blenheim when the Peace of Amiens broke down in 1803. He then served in the HMS Centaur in 1805 and 1806 under its captain Sir Samuel Hood, fighting in the battle off Rochefort on 25 September 1806 and in its capture of the 50-gun Russian battleship Sevolod on 26 August 1808. He was then appointed acting lieutenant on the Ardent in April 1809 and during summer 1809 was captured and released by the Danes twice during the Gunboat War. He was confirmed as lieutenant in September 1809, continuing in the Ardent right up to February 1811. He was then transferred to the brig HMS Hawk off France's northern coast, managing to bring out an armed brig and three store ships on 19 August 1811 when Hawk drove a convoy and its escort on shore near Barfleur, though in a later attempt to cut two more brigs out of Barfleur harbour he was severely wounded and unable to serve again for almost a year.
His next appointment was to the 74-gun HMS Mulgrave off Cherbourg, then from September 1812 on HMS San Josef off Toulon (under Henry Bourchier, who had been his captain on the Hawk). In December 1812 he gained his first command, the bomb vessel HMS Volcano, with which he sailed for North America in summer 1814 and fought during the War of 1812 on the Potomac, at Baltimore and at New Orleans. He was severely wounded again on 24 December 1814 at New Orleans and returned to England, where he was promoted to post rank on 13 June the following year. His next command was HMS Portland (1834–38) in the Mediterranean (receiving the Order of the Redeemer for his services to the Greek government). From 1838 to 1844 he retired to Brecknockshire, serving as a Justice of the Peace there.
In 1846 he married Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of John Taylor and niece of Admiral William Taylor, and was promoted to superintendent of Sheerness Dockyard, remaining there until promotion to rear admiral on 6 November 1850 and then to commander-in-chief of British naval forces in the Pacific Station in August 1853. Arriving there just before the declaration of the Crimean War, he proved tactful, courteous but indecisive and difficult in his dealings with working with his French colleague Auguste Febvrier Despointes. The French and British fleets slowly advanced across the Pacific, spending a long time at the Marquesas Islands and Honolulu (where the English and French squadrons met in July 1854 and worked to reduce American influence). On 25 July 1854 the combined force sailed to meet two Russian frigates reported to be in the area, finding them dismantled at Petropavlovsk. An attack on them was planned for 31 August 1854 but on that morning Admiral Price was killed by a discharge of his own pistol, either by accident or in a suicide attempt; he died some hours later. Command transferred to Sir Frederick Nicolson, who postponed the attack until 4 September, on which day the Russians decisively beat it back.
- O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). " Price, David". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. John Murray. Wikisource.
- David Price at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Marshall, John (1830). Royal naval biography; or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea-officers at the commencement of the year 1823, or who have since been promoted. Supplement. Volume 4. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green.
- William Loney RN
Sir Fairfax Moresby
|Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station
Sir Henry Bruce