David Wiggins

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David Wiggins FBA (born 8 March 1933) is a British moral philosopher, metaphysician, and philosophical logician working especially on identity and issues in meta-ethics.

Biography[edit]

David Wiggins was born in 1933 in London, the son of Norman and Diana Wiggins (née Priestley)[1]. He attended St Paul's School before reading philosophy at Brasenose College, Oxford where he obtained a first class degree.[2] His tutor was J. L. Ackrill.[3]

After completing his National Service, he joined the Civil Service and was appointed Assistant Principal in the Colonial Office, 1957-8. He left the Civil Service and was Jane Eliza Proctor Visiting Fellow, Princeton University, 1958-9. Returning to Oxford, he was Lecturer, 1959, then Fellow and Lecturer, 1960-7, at New College. After that, he was Chair of Philosophy at Bedford College, London, 1967-80; Fellow and Praelector in Philosophy at University College, Oxford, 1981-9; and Professor of Philosophy at Birkbeck College, University of London, 1989-94; and Wykeham Professor of Logic and Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1994-2000.[4].

Wiggins was made a Fellow of the British Academy in 1978. He was also President of the Aristotelian Society from 1999 to 2000 . He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992.

Philosophical work[edit]

Wiggins is well known for his work in metaphysics, particularly identity. In his Sameness and Substance (Oxford, 1980), he proposed conceptualist realism, a position according to which our conceptual framework maps reality.[5]

According to philosopher Harold Noonan:

The most influential part of Wiggins's work has been in metaphysics, where he has developed a fundamentally Aristotelian conception of substance, enriched by insights drawn from Putnam (1975) and Kripke (1980). His works also contain influential discussions of the problem of personal identity, which Wiggins elucidates via a conception that he calls the "Animal Attribute View."[6]

He has also made an influential contribution to ethics. His 2006 book, Ethics. Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality defends a position he calls "moral objectivism".

He has written widely on other areas including philosophy of language, epistemology, aesthetics and political philosophy.

A Festschrift, Essays for David Wiggins was published in 1996.[7]

Legacy[edit]

Wiggins' distinguished pupils include: John McDowell, Derek Parfit, Jonathan Westphal and Timothy Williamson.

Selected writings[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Continuants. Their Activity, Their Being, and Their Identity (Oxford, 2016)
  • Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical (2008)
  • Ethics. Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality (Harvard, 2006)
  • Sameness and Substance Renewed (Cambridge, 2001)
  • *Needs, Values, Truth (1987, 3rd ed., 1998, rev. 2002)
  • Sameness and Substance (Harvard, 1980)
  • Truth, Invention, and the Meaning of Life (Proceedings of the British Academy, 1976)
  • Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity (Oxford, 1967)

Articles[edit]

  • "On Being in the Same Place at the same time", Philosophical Review, vol. 77 (1968), pp. 90–95.
  • "A Sensible Subjectivism?" (Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), 185-214)
  • "Weakness of Will Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire" (Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1978)
  • "Towards a reasonable libertarianism" (Essays on Freedom of Action, 1973 - Routledge & Kegan Paul)
  • "On Sentence-sense, Word-sense and Difference of Word-sense: Towards a Philosophical Theory of Dictionaries" (1971)[8] (link)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Who's Who 2012, London, A. & C. Black, London : 2012, 2466)
  2. ^ Williams, S. G. (2005). "Wiggins, David (1933-)". In Brown, Stuart. Dictionary of Twentieth Century British Philosophers. Thoemmes. p. 1123.
  3. ^ "Professor J.L. Ackrill". Obituary. London: Times Newspapers. 2007-12-20. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  4. ^ 'Who's Who 2012, London, A. & C. Black, London : 2012, 2466)
  5. ^ A. M. Ferner, Organisms and Personal Identity: Individuation and the Work of David Wiggins, Routledge, 2016, p. 28.
  6. ^ Noonan, H., 2005. "David Wiggins." In Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Macmillan. (excerpt)
  7. ^ Lovibond, Sabrina; Williams, S.G., eds. (1996). Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth and Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  8. ^ In Danny D. Steinberg and Leon A. Jakobovits (edd.) Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader in Philosophy, Linguistics and Psychology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971), pp. 14-34.

External links[edit]