Decision list

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Decision lists are a representation for Boolean functions which can be easily learnable from examples.[1] Single term decision lists are more expressive than disjunctions and conjunctions; however, 1-term decision lists are less expressive than the general disjunctive normal form and the conjunctive normal form.

The language specified by a k-length decision list includes as a subset the language specified by a k-depth decision tree.

Learning decision lists can be used for attribute efficient learning.[2]


A decision list (DL) of length r is of the form:

if f1 then 
    output b1
else if f2 then
    output b2
else if fr then
    output br

where fi is the ith formula and bi is the ith boolean for . The last if-then-else is the default case, which means formula fr is always equal to true. A k-DL is a decision list where all of formulas have at most k terms. Sometimes "decision list" is used to refer to a 1-DL, where all of the formulas are either a variable or its negation.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ronald L. Rivest (Nov 1987). "Learning decision lists" (PDF). Machine Learning. 2 (3): 229–246. doi:10.1023/A:1022607331053.
  2. ^ Adam R. Klivans and Rocco A. Servedio, "Toward Attribute Efficient Learning of Decision Lists and Parities", Journal of Machine Learning Research 7:12:587-602 ACM Digital Library full text