Delroy L. Paulhus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Delroy L. Paulhus is a personality psychology researcher and professor. He received his doctorate from Columbia University and has worked at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, Davis. Currently, Paulhus is a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada where he teaches undergraduate and graduate courses.

Research[edit]

Since graduating, he has published 130 books, chapters and research articles on a variety of domains such as response styles, self-enhancement, dark personalities, intelligence,[1] social cognition, acculturation,[2] person perception, culture, perceived control, interpersonal capabilities and flexibility, educational measurement, psychological defense, birth order, interpersonal circumplex, altruism, and free will. Novel contributions include the dark triad, everyday sadism, the over-claiming technique, a taxonomy of social desirability scales, spheres of control, and exemplars of intelligence[3]

Response styles[edit]

Paulhus has provided influential reviews of questionnaire response styles such as socially desirable responding (SDR), acquiescence, and extreme responding. See Paulhus (1991).[4] With regard to SDR, he framed the distinction between impression management and self-deceptive biases and went on to measure them separately using the BIDR. In later work, he organized SDR in terms of agency and communion.[5] Most recently, Paulhus developed an objective measure of bias using the over-claiming technique.[6]

Dark personalities[edit]

Paulhus and Williams (2002) coined the term “dark triad” in referring to three socially aversive personalities: machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. The research showed both similarities and differences among the three constructs.[7] Their distinctiveness was confirmed in studies of associations with impulsivity, aggression, body modification, mate choice, sexual deviancy, scholastic cheating, revenge, and the personality of stalkers.[8] A fourth member, everyday sadism, was recently added to the pantheon of dark personalities [9] Questionnaire measures are available in a chapter by Paulhus and Jones (2015).[10]

Measures developed[edit]

Among his most popular scales are the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR-6), the UBC Word Test, the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale,[11] the Spheres of Control (SOC) inventory, the Free Will & Determinism (FAD) scale,[12] the Short Dark Triad (SD3),[13] and several Over-Claiming Questionnaires (OCQ).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paulhus, D. L., Lysy, D., & Yik, M. S M. (1998). Self-report measures of intelligence: Are they useful as proxy measures of IQ. Journal of Personality, 66, 525-554.
  2. ^ Ryder, A.G., Alden, L.E., & Paulhus, D.L. (2000). Is acculturation unidimensional or bidimensional?: A head-to-head comparison in the prediction of demographics, personality, self-identity, and adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 49-65.
  3. ^ Paulhus, D.L., Wehr, P., Harms, P.D., & Strasser, D.I. (2002). Use of exemplar surveys to reveal implicit theories of intelligence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1051-1062.
  4. ^ Paulhus, D.L. (1991). Measures and control of response bias. In J.P. Robinson, P.R. Shaver, & L.S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs (pp.17-59). San Diego: Academic Press.
  5. ^ Paulhus, D.L., & Trapnell, P.D. (2008). Self-presentation: An agency-communion framework. In O.P. John, R.W. Robins, & L.A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality psychology (pp. 492-517). New York: Guilford.
  6. ^ Paulhus, D.L., Harms, P.D., Bruce, M.N., & Lysy, D.C. (2003). The over-claiming technique: Measuring self-enhancement independent of ability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 681-693.
  7. ^ Paulhus, D.L., & Williams, K. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 556-568.
  8. ^ Paulhus(2014). Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 421-426.
  9. ^ Buckels, E.E., Jones, D.N., & Paulhus, D.L (2013. Behavioral confirmation of everyday sadism. Psychological Science, 24,, 2201-09.
  10. ^ Paulhus, D. L., & Jones, D. N. (2015). Measures of dark personalities. In G. J. Boyle, D. H. Saklofske, & G. Matthews (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological constructs (pp.562-594). San Diego: Academic Press.
  11. ^ Paulhus, D.L., Neumann, C.S., & Hare, R. (2015). Manual for the Self-Report Psychopathy scales. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems
  12. ^ Paulhus, D.L., & Carey, J.M. (2011). FAD-Plus: Measurement of beliefs regarding free will and related constructs. Journal of Personality Assessment, 93, 96–104.
  13. ^ Jones, D.N., & Paulhus, D.L. (2014). Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3): A brief measure of dark personality traits. Assessment, 21, 28-41.

External links[edit]