|Zone||west gojjam Zone|
|Elevation||2,083 m (6,834 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Dembecha is a town in northwestern Ethiopia 350 km north of Addis Ababa. Located in the Mirab Gojjam Zone of the Amhara Region, this town has a latitude and longitude of Coordinates: with an elevation of 2083 meters above sea level. It is one of three towns in Dembecha woreda.
Dembecha was included as one of the stages of the Gondar-Boso trade route of the 1840s, according to a list compiled by Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie in his Geodesie d'Ethiopie. The British traveller C.T. Beke stayed several times in this town during 1842, beginning with several days during February 1842 while he waited for Dejazmach Goshu Zewde to complete his homage to Ras Ali and return. Beke described the town at the time as a "large town" located "on the slope of another ridge of the mountains coming from the N.E." He also notes its importance due to its location on one of the principal caravan routes through Gojjam.
As part of the East African Campaign of World War II, Gideon Force encountered a vastly superior Italian force under Colonel Natale near the fort at Dembecha on 5 March 1942. Although defeated in the battle, the British force inflicted such heavy casualties that three days later the Italian garrison was forced to withdraw to Debre Marqos. Seizing this fort allowed the British to isolate Debre Marqos from the rest of the Italian forces.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Dembecha has an estimated total population of 15,008, of whom 7,384 are men and 7,624 are women. The 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 8,663 of whom 3,885 were men and 4,775 were women.
- Richard Pankhurst, An Introduction to the Medical History of Ethiopia (Trenton: Red Sea, 1990), p. 121
- G.W.B. Huntingford, Historical Geography of Ethiopia from the first century AD to 1704 (London: British Academy, 1989), p. 202
- Huntingford, Historical Geography, p. 255
- Beke, "Abyssinia. Being a Continuation of Routes in That Country", Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, 14 (1844), p. 4
- Beke, "Abyssinia", p. 28
- Anthony Mockler, Haile Selassie's War: The Italian-Ethiopian Campaign, 1935-1941 (New York: Olive Branch, 2003), pp. 347f
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4