Denis C. Twitchett
|Denis C. Twitchett|
September 23, 1925|
|Died||February 24, 2006
|Institutions||University of London, Cambridge, Princeton|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Notable students||Wang Gungwu|
|Known for||Medieval Chinese history|
Denis Crispin Twitchett (Chinese: 杜希德; pinyin: Dù Xīdé, September 23, 1925— February 24, 2006) was a British Sinologist, specializing in Chinese history, famous as editor of The Cambridge History of China.
Twitchett was born in London in 1925. He read Modern Chinese at the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London in 1946-47 before moving on to read the Oriental Studies at Cambridge from 1947-50. He was a lecturer at the University of London (1954–56) and Cambridge (1956–60), the Chair of Chinese at the universities of London (1960–68) and Cambridge (1968–80), and the Gordon Wu '58 Professor of Chinese Studies at Princeton University (1980–94). He was a fellow of the British Academy from 1967. He greatly expanded the role of Chinese studies in Western intellectual circles.
During World War II, Twitchett took a crash course in Japanese and for the remainder of the war he was part of the Bletchley Park operations acting as a listener at one of the forward listening stations in Sri Lanka. After the war he gained a degree in geography at Cambridge. He also spent a great deal of time in Japan and was able to learn from the best Japanese historians of China (who tended to focus on Tang China, a period which became his field of expertise also). He married Umeko Ichikawa in 1956. Together they had two children.
The Cambridge History of China
Starting in 1966, Professor Twitchett and historian John K. Fairbank (who taught at Harvard) began plans for the first comprehensive history of China to be published in the English language. Originally expected to be a six volume set of books, the series expanded as time passed and eventually grew to the currently planned 15 volumes. While he was at Princeton, Twitchett worked closely with fellow Sinologist Frederick W. Mote (who had a related wartime experience).
Drawing upon the most respected living historians for individual chapters of the books, the series (though still incomplete as of late 2007) is very highly regarded as an authoritative history of China. Twitchett wrote many sections and guided the creation of the whole series from the start until his death.
Twitchett deliberately held off creating a book on China before the Ch'in because, as Twitchett put it in the preface to Volume 7, there was still so much work to be done on the period. Since that time the history has become better understood and in 1999 a companion volume The Cambridge History of Ancient China, From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC edited by Michael Loewe and Edward L. Shaughnessy was published.
- Financial Administration under the T’ang Dynasty (1963)
- Printing and Publishing in Medieval China (1983)
- The Writing of Official History Under the T’ang (1992)
- (with P. J. M. Geelan) The Times Atlas of China (1974)
Twitchett was the expert who helped create the China maps for "The Times Atlas of World History" (first published in 1979).
- Obituary in The Times
- David McMullen, "Denis Crispin Twitchett (1925-2006)," Proceedings of the British Academy 166 (2010): 322-345.