|Focus||Design for an aging population|
DesignAge was a cross-disciplinary action research programme within the Royal College of Art in the UK, founded in 1991 in partnership with the Helen Hamlyn Foundation to "explore the implications for design of ageing populations" in the developed world. It was directed by Roger Coleman until 1999 when it was merged into the newly created Helen Hamlyn Research Centre. The programme was the recipient of the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 1994 in the category of "the Arts".
By the early 1990s, it was recognised that older adults, in particular adults over 50, were becoming an increasingly significant portion of the population, while improvements in nutrition and medicine were enabling these older adults to remain active. This demographic shift was thought to be permanent. However, the fact that the younger population represented a shrinking market and older population a growing one was largely ignored by the design profession. In response to the lack of understanding of these issues and the design community's lack of understanding of their implications, in 1991 DesignAge was founded to investigate the needs of the older population, to interpret the results of the research in a way relevant to designers and industry, and to develop new methodologies in design and design education in response to this demographic shift.
DesignAge argued that older adults were "rendered disabled" by public spaces and transportation systems that had not been designed for this segment of the population, and therefore design had an influential role to play in shaping the future, in that improvements of the life for older adults, as well as the job market and national economy could be realised if designers, manufacturers, and retailers could shift their attitudes towards ageing so as to collaborate to create age-friendly products and services. By pointing out that designing for the ageing population was designing for their own ageing, effectively reframing ageing as an issue of self-interest, DesignAge was able to engage younger designers to design for older people.
One of the ways that DesignAge used to engage design students was to hold an annual design competition, called the DesignAge Competition, held between 1992 and 1998, to challenge design students to design for their "future selves."
DesignAge also engaged the industry at large by approaching the Design Business Association (formed in 1986 by the Chartered Society of Designers) and suggesting a "product challenge" to their member agencies; these were small-scale events where they would work with older users to design products on a speculative basis for the ageing population.
In 1999 DesignAge became the Helen Hamlyn Research Centre and extended into the research of Inclusive Design.
DesignAge produced a number of publications, including the seminal Designing For Our Future Selves published in 1993. Other publications include the “Designing for our future selves” special issue (volume 24, issue 1) of the journal Applied Ergonomics published in 1993; Once in a Lifetime: An Evaluation of Lifetime Homes in Hull, published in 1995; and Working Together, A New Approach To Design, published in 1997.
Within three years of its existence DesignAge reported that it was able to raise awareness of the issue within the design profession, in related disciplines including ergonomics, in education, and also among major retailers, manufacturers, and the age lobby.
In 1994, DesignAge was awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in the category of "the Arts" in recognition of its contribution to the shift in perception towards designing for older adults and for working with corporations to design products for older adults and people incapacitated by illness.
Design for Ageing Network
In 1994, DesignAge established a Europe-wide research network on design and ageing called the DAN (Design for Ageing Network), funded until 1997 by DG V of the European Commission (then the Directorate-General for Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs). The network's goal was to "develop the necessary expertise, know-how and understanding to enable design and industry to respond to the growing population of over-50s in Europe in appropriate and life-enhancing ways" through the use of "in-depth collaboration with older people" that went "beyond simple measuring and questioning."
After DesignAge was subsumed into the Helen Hamlyn Research Centre, DAN continued to exist until early 2004 when it was superseded by the Include Network.
- "Previous Prize-winners". The Royal Anniversary Trust. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
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- Coleman, R.; Clarkson, J.; Dong, H.; Cassim, J. (2007). Design for Inclusivity. Ashgate Publishing Company. p. 26
- "The DesignAge Competition". The Helen Hamlyn Research Centre. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "Key Dates in CSD History" Archived 5 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Chartered Society of Designers. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- Cassim, Julia (April 2008). "The Challenge Workshop—a designer-friendly, cross-disciplinary knowledge transfer mechanism to promote innovative thinking in different contexts"[permanent dead link]. International DMI Education Conference Design Thinking: New Challenges for Designers, Managers and Organizations 14–15 April 2008, ESSEC Business School, Cergy-Pointoise, France. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "Applied Ergonomics, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 2-69 (February 1993) – sciencedirect.com". Elsevier B.V. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- DesignAge Publications. DesignAge. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "Mandate 1991–1997", European Commission. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- "What is the DAN?". Design for Ageing Network. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "The Design for Ageing Network" Archived 26 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. The Helen Hamlyn Research Centre. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- The Presence Project Archived 29 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
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