Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987
The Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987 is an Act of Parliament passed by the United Kingdom Parliament which allows the UK government to determine what land is considered to be diplomatic or consular premises.
The law has only been used once, for the Cambodian embassy in London, which had been occupied by squatters. The embassy had been used by the Government of Cambodia before it was overthrown by Pol Pot in 1975. While that government was recognised by Britain, no diplomatic mission was established before Cambodia was invaded by Vietnam in 1978, and the building came into the care of the British Foreign Office. The squatters moved in while the embassy was vacant in 1976, and in 1988 they would have gained title to the building following twelve years of continuous occupation. Hence an order was made, the Diplomatic and Consular Premises (Cambodia) Order 1988, to de-recognise the diplomatic premises so that legal action could be taken to remove the squatters.
In 2012 the UK government said it was considering using the law after Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, sought refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, to avoid being extradited to Sweden where he faced allegations of sexual assault.
- "Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987: 1987 CHAPTER 46". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Carl Islam (29 June 1988). "The inviolability of diplomatic and consular premises". Law Society Gazette. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- R v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, ex parte Samuel. Court of Appeal. (1989), The Times, 17 August 1989
- "Julian Assange: UK issues 'threat' to arrest Wikileaks founder". BBC News. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.