Phosphate cross-linked starch; Starch, hydrogen phosphate
|E number||E1412 (additional chemicals)|
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Distarch phosphate, E1412 in the E number scheme of food additives, is a modified starch. These are not absorbed intact by the gut, but are significantly hydrolysed by intestinal enzymes and then fermented by intestinal microbiota.
- Mortensen, Alicja; Aguilar, Fernando; Crebelli, Riccardo; Di Domenico, Alessandro; Dusemund, Birgit; Frutos, Maria Jose; Galtier, Pierre; Gott, David; Gundert‐Remy, Ursula; Lambré, Claude; Leblanc, Jean‐Charles; Lindtner, Oliver; Moldeus, Peter; Mosesso, Pasquale; Parent‐Massin, Dominique; Oskarsson, Agneta; Stankovic, Ivan; Waalkens‐Berendsen, Ine; Wright, Matthew; Younes, Maged; Tobback, Paul; Horvath, Zsuzsanna; Tasiopoulou, Stavroula; Woutersen, Rudolf Antonius; Woutersen, R. A. (2017). "Re-evaluation of oxidised starch (E 1404), monostarch phosphate (E 1410), distarch phosphate (E 1412), phosphated distarch phosphate (E 1413), acetylated distarch phosphate (E 1414), acetylated starch (E 1420), acetylated distarch adipate (E 1422), hydroxypropyl starch (E 1440), hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (E 1442), starch sodium octenyl succinate (E 1450), acetylated oxidised starch (E 1451) and starch aluminium octenyl succinate (E 1452) as food additives". EFSA Journal. 15 (10): 4911. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4911. PMC 7009865. PMID 32625282.