Silvestro dei Gherarducci

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Don Silvestro dei Gherarducci's painting of Madonna and Child, tempera on panel

Silvestro dei Gherarducci (c. 1339 – c. 1399) was an Italian painter and illuminator in Florence. He became a monk and later a prior of the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli where he first started work on illustrations for manuscripts.

Paintings[edit]

Illuminated manuscripts[edit]

Gradual from Santa Maria degli Angeli[edit]

Initial "R", gradual from the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli

Gradual from Santa Maria degli Angeli, considered to be Don Silvestro's crowning achievemen, is currently preserved in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence (Codice Corale 2 / Cod. Cor. 2), with twenty detached pages in various collections around the world:[9]

Gradual 1 from San Michele a Murano[edit]

Initial "P", Gradual 1 from the monastery of San Michele a Murano

Gradual 1 from San Michele a Murano can be reconstructed from individual pages and numerous cuttings in various collections:[40]

  • folio 1: God the Father Presenting the Infant Christ to a group of Saints in an Initial A (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, MS 434, no. I 30-A)[41][42]
  • Saint Paul in an Initial G (Morgan Library & Museum, New York, MS M.478, no. 6 (I.3))[43][44]
  • Foliate Decoration in an Initial M (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 983, no. 2868)[45]
  • folio 32: The Nativity of Christ in an Initial D (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 966, no. 3074)[46][47]
  • The Adoration of the Shepherds in an Initial L (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 967, no. D.229-1906)[48][49]
  • folio 38: The Nativity and the Annuciation to the Shepherds in an Initial P (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.653, no. 1 (I.8))[50][51]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 973, no. D.222-1906)[52]
  • folio 46: The Adoration of the Magi in an Initial E (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.653, no. 5 (I.15))[53][54]
  • A Prophet Looking Up to the Enthroned Christ in an Initial I (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 7 (I.16))[55][56]
  • A Prophet in an Initial O (Art Institute of Chicago, acc. no. 1915.550)[57][58]
  • A Prophet in an Initial A (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 10 (I.18))[59]
  • A Prophet in an Initial С (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 976, no. D.227-1906)[60]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 982, no. D.219-1906)[61][62]
  • A Prophet in an Initial R (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 887)
  • A Prophet in an Initial O (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS D.217-1906)[63]
  • An Initial I (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 886)
  • The Entry into Jerusalem in an Initial D (Wildenstein Collection, Musée Marmottan, Paris)[64]

Gradual 2 from San Michele a Murano[edit]

Initial "V", Gradual 2 from the monastery of San Michele a Murano

Gradual 2 from San Michele a Murano can be reconstructed from individual pages and numerous cuttings in various collections:[40]

  • The Resurrection in an Initial R (Musée Condé, Chantilly, France, inv. no. PE 2)[65][66]
  • A Prophet in an Initial A (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 969, no. 432)[67][68]
  • A Prophet in an Initial V (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 17 (II.5))[69][70]
  • A Prophet in an Initial V (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS D.226-1906)[71]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 3 (II.7))[72]
  • A Prophet in an Initial M (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 9 (II.10))[73]
  • An Initial I (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 878)
  • A Prophet in an Initial C (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 968, no. 431)[74]
  • A Prophet in an Initial V (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 970, no. 3087)[75]
  • folio 44: The Ascention of Christ in an Initial V (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.653, no. 3 (II.14))[76][77][78]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 4 (II.15))[79]
  • folio 58: The Pentecost in an Initial S (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 970, inv. no. 3045)[80][81]
  • A Prophet in an Initial A (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 975, no. D.224-1906)[82]
  • A Prophet in an Initial R (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 14 (II.26))[83]
  • folio 74: The Trinity in an Initial B (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.653, no. 2 (II.23))[84][85][86]
  • folio 78: The Last Supper in an Initial C (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.653, no. 4 (II.25))[87][88][89]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 974, no. D.225-1906)[90]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin, MS 682)[91]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 981, no. D.221-1906)[92]
  • A Prophet in an Initial O (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 11 (II.31))[93][94]
  • A Prophet in an Initial S (Victoria and Albert Museum, MS 978, no. D.218-1906)[95]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 5 (II.33))[96]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 1 (II.35))[97]
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 2 (II.36))[98]
  • A Prophet in an Initial R (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 15 (II.37))[99]
  • A Prophet in an Initial P (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 13 (II.38))[100]
  • An Initial I (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 904)
  • A Prophet in an Initial M (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 8 (II.40))[101]
  • An Initial I (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 879)
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Victoria and Albert Museum, inv. no. D.228-1906)[102]
  • A Prophet in an Initial S (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 16 (II.43))[70][103][104]
  • A Prophet in an Initial O (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.478, no. 12 (II.44))[105]
  • A Prophet in an Initial I (Museo Civico, Padua, M.C. 880)
  • A Prophet in an Initial D (Morgan Library & Museum, MS M.718, no. 18 (II.47))[106]
  • A Prophet in an Initial L (formerly, Victoria and Albert Museum, inv. no. D.220-1906; missing since the early 1940s)[107]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (formerly, Victoria and Albert Museum, inv. no. D.223-1906; missing since the early 1940s)[107]
  • A Prophet in an Initial E (private collection, England)[108]

Other works[edit]

  • Saint Augustine in an Initial I (Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Codice Corale 19 (Cod. Cor. 19), folio 149)[109][110]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Madonna and Child with Sts. John Baptist and Paul (russ?)". Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Assumption of the Virgin". Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Madonna and Child". Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Don Silvestro dei Gherarducci, Madonna col Bambino". Sotheby's. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Assumption of Saint Mary Magdalene". National Gallery of Ireland. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Madonna and Child". artchive.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Silvestro dei Gherarducci, Madonna con Bambino, angeli e Cristo Redentore benedicente". Fondazione Federico Zeri. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "The Madonna and Child". Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  9. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 131–154
  10. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 132 fig. 45, p. 133, p. 137 n. 4
  11. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 132 fig. 46, p. 133
  12. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 133 text + fig. 47
  13. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 138–139 text + image
  14. ^ "Historiated initial from a Gradual". Fitzwilliam Museum. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  15. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 140–141 text + image
  16. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 134, p. 138 n. 7
  17. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 133 fig. 48, p. 134
  18. ^ "Add MS 35254 C". British Library. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  19. ^ a b Kanter 1994, pp. 141–144 text + images
  20. ^ "Additional 37472, f. 3". British Library. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  21. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 144, p. 145 image
  22. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 134 text + fig. 49
  23. ^ Costambeys 2007, p. 161, p. 163 fig. 2
  24. ^ Russell 1977a
  25. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 135 text + fig. 50
  26. ^ "Initial "M" with Saints James and Andrew(?)". Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  27. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 135, p. 136 figs. 51–52
  28. ^ Bent 1992, pp. 508–510 text + figs. 1–2
  29. ^ "Leaf from Antiphonary". Walters Art Museum. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  30. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 144–146 text, p. 146 image
  31. ^ "Initial S[alve sancta parens] from a Gradual: Madonna and Child". Cleveland Museum of Art. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  32. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 146–148 text + image
  33. ^ "Additional 37955A". British Library. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  34. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 148–150 text + image
  35. ^ "Manuscript Illumination with the Birth of the Virgin in an Initial G, from a Gradual". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  36. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 150–151 text + image
  37. ^ "Initial G[audeamus omnes] from a Gradual: The Court of Heaven". Cleveland Museum of Art. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  38. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 152–153 text + image
  39. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 154 text + image
  40. ^ a b Kanter 1994, pp. 155–176
  41. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: 434)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  42. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 156 fig. 54, p. 157
  43. ^ "MS M.478 no. 6 (I.3)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  44. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 157 text + fig. 55
  45. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: 2868)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  46. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: 3074)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  47. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 166–167 text + image
  48. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.229-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  49. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 167–168 text + image
  50. ^ "MS M.653.1: Nativity, in an initial P". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 8 May 2016. 
  51. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 168–169 text + image
  52. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.222-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  53. ^ "MS M.653.5: Adoration of the Magi, in an initial E". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  54. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 170–171 text + image
  55. ^ "MS M.478 no. 7 (I.16)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  56. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 157 fig. 56, p. 158
  57. ^ "Prophet in a Historiated Initial "O" from a Gradual". Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  58. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 158 text + fig. 57
  59. ^ "MS M.478 no. 10 (I.18)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  60. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.227-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  61. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.219-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  62. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 158 fig. 58, p. 159
  63. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.217-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  64. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 159 text + fig. 59
  65. ^ "La Resurrection du Christ". Joconde. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  66. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 160 fig. 60
  67. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: 432)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  68. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 161, fig. 61
  69. ^ "MS M.478 no. 17 (II.5)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  70. ^ a b Zoomable image of MS M.478.16 and M.478.17
  71. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.226-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  72. ^ "MS M.478 no. 3 (II.7)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  73. ^ "MS M.478 no. 9 (II.10)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  74. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: 431)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  75. ^ "Cut-out historiated initial V from a Gradual (museum number: 3087)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  76. ^ "MS M.653 no. 3 (II.14)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  77. ^ Zoomable image of MS M.653.3
  78. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 171–172 text + image
  79. ^ "MS M.478 no. 4 (II.15)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  80. ^ "Leaf from a gradual with an initial S (museum number: 3045)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  81. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 162, fig. 62
  82. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.224-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  83. ^ "MS M.478 no. 14 (II.26)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  84. ^ "MS M.653 no. 2 (II.23)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  85. ^ Zoomable image of MS M.653.2
  86. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 173–174 text + image
  87. ^ "MS M.653 no. 4 (II.25)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  88. ^ Zoomable image of MS M.653.4
  89. ^ Kanter 1994, pp. 174–176 text + image
  90. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.225-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  91. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 163, fig. 63
  92. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.221-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  93. ^ "MS M.478 no. 11 (II.31)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  94. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 163, fig. 64
  95. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.218-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  96. ^ "MS M.478 no. 5 (II.33)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  97. ^ "MS M.478 no. 1 (II.35)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  98. ^ "MS M.478 no. 2 (II.36)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  99. ^ "MS M.478 no. 15 (II.37)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  100. ^ "MS M.478 no. 13 (II.38)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  101. ^ "MS M.478 no. 8 (II.40)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  102. ^ "Manuscript (museum number: D.228-1906)". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  103. ^ "MS M.478 no. 16 (II.43)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  104. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 164, fig. 65
  105. ^ "MS M.478 no. 12 (II.44)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  106. ^ "MS M.718 no. 1 (II.47)". Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  107. ^ a b Kanter 1994, p. 165 n. 5
  108. ^ Russell 1977b
  109. ^ "This figured initial "I" is from Choir Book 19". Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  110. ^ Kanter 1994, p. 234, n. 4

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Biography of Silvestro dei Gherarducci (in Italian)