Donald H. Magnuson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Donald Hammer Magnuson)
Jump to: navigation, search
Donald H. Magnuson
DonaldHMagnuson.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1963
Preceded by District Created
Succeeded by K. William Stinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's At-large district
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1959
Preceded by District Reestablished
Succeeded by District Eliminated
Personal details
Born (1911-03-07)March 7, 1911 in Freeman,
Spokane County, Washington
Died October 5, 1979(1979-10-05) (aged 68)
Seattle, Washington
Cause of death Heart attack
Resting place Evergreen Washelli
Memorial Park
, Seattle
Political party Democratic
Alma mater University of Washington, 1931
Spokane University (attended)
Profession Journalist
President John F. Kennedy meets with Congressman Don Magnuson of Washington State at the White House, ca. 1962.

Donald Hammer "Don" Magnuson (March 7, 1911 – October 5, 1979) was a five-term congressman from the state of Washington and an investigative journalist for the Daily Olympian and Seattle Times newspapers. He was not related to Washington's long-serving U.S. Senator, Warren G. Magnuson.


Early years[edit]

Magnuson was born on a farm near Freeman, in Spokane County, Washington, the son of Ellis William Magnuson and Ida (Hammer) Magnuson. He attended the public schools and Spokane University from 1926 to 1928, then transferred to the University of Washington in Seattle, and earned a bachelor's degree in 1931. After graduation, he worked as a harvester and then as a riveter in an aircraft factory.[1]

Journalism career[edit]

Magnuson was a newspaper reporter for the Daily Olympian and Seattle Times from 1934 to 1952. In 1942, he wrote a series of reports about loafing in the Seattle-Tacoma Shipyards. He was instrumental in obtaining the pardon of Clarence Boggie, who was wrongly convicted of murder.[2] He earned a Heywood Broun Award for his coverage and was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in Local Reporting in 1949 by the managing editor of the Seattle Times. His work was made into a radio episode on a national radio show: The Big Story in February, 1949. At another time, his reporting engendered so much response that 21 year-old Joe Maish's death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment two minutes before he was to hang.

In 1950, Magnuson wrote a series on alcoholism. He interviewed 6,000 men who had been treated over 15 years. He described the "conditioned-reflect treatment" which was intended to create an aversion to alcohol. This treatment was based on Pavlov's work on conditioned reflex. The treatment for alcoholism was for the staff at the sanitarium to give a patient alcohol and at the same time induce nausea with an additive.

Political career[edit]

Magnuson was elected in 1952 as a Democrat to the Eighty-third Congress and was re-elected four times, serving from January 1953 until January 1963. Magnuson was named to the Committee on Merchant Marines and Fisheries in 1955. During his time in Congress he served on the Appropriations Committee subcommittee on Department of State, Justice and Judiciary, and the Department of the Interior. He also served on the Public Works Committee with oversight over the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and the Atomic Energy Commission.

Magnuson was shot through the sleeve when Puerto Rican nationalists shot up the floor of the 83rd Congress in 1954. The nationalists, identified as Lolita Lebrón, Rafael Cancel Miranda, Andres Figueroa Cordero, and Irving Flores Rodríguez, unfurled a Puerto Rican flag and began shooting at the 240 Representatives, who were debating an immigration bill. He was on the phone quickly after with the Seattle Times during the ruckus to give them the scoop, which later Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill recorded in a book of memoirs.

In 1958, Rep. Magnuson escaped serious injury in a plane crash. He appeared in a newspaper photo, a hospital identification tag pinned to his blood spotted shirt, sitting in Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, where he was taken following the Northwest Airlines plane crash. Magnuson was one of 60 passengers who escaped death when the plane crashed into a corn field and burst into flames. His opponent for Congress that year complained about all of the sympathetic free publicity Magnuson received as a result of the incident. At least 11 U.S. Army service members were on board, and Rep. Magnuson recommended that Private First Class Raymond C. Maruschak receive the Soldier's Medal, and credited him with saving many lives that day. Maruschak and another soldier ripped a hole in the fuselage large enough to get all of the passengers out.

On January 30, 1959, Magnuson introduced a bill to establish a shield law to keep reporters from having to reveal their sources. On February 2, 1959, he introduced a bill to grant a second income tax exemption to college students who held down a job. On February 7, 1959 he was named to the board of oversight of the U.S. Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs for 4 consecutive years. On May 22, 1959, Magnuson voted for an addition to the public works bill in an Appropriations subcommittee for $724,000 to start the Greater Wenatchee reclamation project. On August 4, 1959, Magnuson said about the upcoming Khruschev visit, "What Khruschev sees here may help guard against a fatal miscalculation on his part."

Congressman Don Magnuson and Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn discussing legislation in Speaker Rayburn's office, July 28, 1956.

On January 21, 1960, the Bellingham Labor News said that as a member of the Public Works Committee, Magnuson sponsored a resolution to authorize the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to review flood control studies in western Washington. On that same day, he was appointed to become a charter member of the Democratic Study Group. In 1960, as a member of the Appropriations Committee, he voted against an additional $73 million for the development of nuclear airplanes, according to The Labor Journal.

Following an extremely close victory in 1960, Magnuson lost his bid for a sixth term in 1962. He was employed by the Department of the Interior from 1963 to 1969, and by the Department of Labor from 1969 to 1973.[3]

Death and legacy[edit]

After he retired in 1973, he resided in Seattle, where he died on October 5, 1979, and was interred in Evergreen Washelli Memorial Park in north Seattle. His papers are housed at the University of Washington Libraries; the collection contains 18 cubic feet (0.5 m3) of legislative papers and 8 film strip reels relating to his various political campaigns.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Donald H. Magnuson (Biographical Directory) Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Boggie reunion with his family tearful, joyful". Spokane Daily Chronicle. December 25, 1948. p. 1. 
  3. ^ "Don Magnuson, ex-congressman, dead at 68". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Associated Press. October 8, 1979. p. 2B. 
  4. ^ "Preliminary Guide to the Donald Hammer Magnuson Papers 1953–1962". University of Washington Libraries. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
President Lyndon Johnson and Don Magnuson meet ca. 1964.

External links[edit]

Campaign photograph for Congressman Don Magnuson with his family.
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
New district formed after 1950 Census
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's at-large congressional district

1953–1959
Succeeded by
At-large district abolished
New district Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 7th congressional district

1959–1963
Succeeded by
K. William Stinson
Don Magnuson, investigative journalist for the Seattle Times won the Heywood Broun Award for investigative reporting when his investigation resulted in the freeing of an innocent man, Clarence Boggie, after 13 years in prison. This picture of Magnuson appeared in Newsweek with the caption: "I cry inside." His work was made into a radio episode on a national radio show: The Big Story in February, 1949. At another time, his reporting engendered so much response that 21 year-old Joe Maish's death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment two minutes before he was to hang. Magnuson went on to serve 5 terms in the U.S. Congress.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.