Double deficit (education)
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The ability to read is believed to depend on two skills:
- Phonological processing skills make up the ability to identify and manipulate sounds in speech.
- Rapid automatized naming compose the ability to translate visual information whether of letters, objects or pictures into a phonological code.
- Wolf, M. & Bowers, P. (1999). "The "Double-Deficit Hypothesis" for the developmental dyslexias". Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 1-24
- Bowers PG. Wolf M. (1993). Theoretical links among naming speed, precise timing mechanisms and orthographic skill in dyslexia. Reading and Writing, 5:69-85. doi:10.1007/BF01026919
- Denckla, MB; Rudel, R (1974). "Rapid "automatized" naming of pictured objects, colors, letters and numbers by normal children.". Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. 10 (2): 186–202. doi:10.1016/s0010-9452(74)80009-2. PMID 4844470.
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