Dropping In Microgravity Environment
Dropping In Microgravity Environment (DIME) is an annual contest held by NASA's Glenn Research Center. Teams of high school students, with one "faculty adviser", from anywhere in the United States or its territories can enter. The teams prepare and submit proposals for research to be performed; four teams are selected to travel to the Glenn Research Center and perform their experiments at the Zero Gravity Research Facility, in the "drop tower", a deep shaft that can be completely depressurized and thus simulate microgravity when an object is in free fall in it. A further four teams' experiments are selected and conducted by the Center staff. The teams are responsible for writing their proposals, assembly of the necessary equipment if their experiments are chosen to be performed, testing of the setups at their respective homes, and preparation and submission of reports to NASA about their results. [full citation needed]
The DIME competition was first held in 2001 with two winning teams selected, both from Ohio. The contests continued, with an increasing number and diversity of winning teams, through 2006. In 2007, the contests were suspended because of a decrease in emphasis on microgravity research in the budget, so not enough money was available to continue it, although the amount of money involved was a minuscule fraction of the federal budget. They were resumed in 2009 with the selection of 11 winners (3 Tier III winners were chosen). The number of winning teams was set at 8 in 2010, but due to budget cuts it was reduced to 4 in 2011, eliminating Tier II. The future of the program is unclear.
The 2011 winners included "Siphons in Space", proposed by a science club not affiliated with the local school in central New York state, and "Wheat Fertilization in Microgravity", proposed by a team from Licking Heights High School in central Ohio.
In order to be selected, there must be a clear research question and a clear hypothesis that is related to the question. The hypothesis must be testable in 2.2 seconds, and gravity must be the experimental variable of the experiment. The utility of the proposed experiment in space exploration is an important criterion. The experimental apparatus may not be larger than a cube with sides that are 12 in (300 mm) long. For safety reasons, the following are not allowed:
- Pressures more than 2 atm
- Radioactive materials
- Hazardous chemicals
- Biological samples (with the exception of common household materials) or living organisms
- "DIME and WING." Nancy R. Hall. NASA Glenn Research Center. May 31, 2011. Web. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- "Dropping in a Microgravity Environment; Experiment Design Requirements." NASA Glenn Research Center. n/d. Web. Accessed August 19, 2011.