House of Broglie
The House of Broglie (//; French: Maison de Broglie, pronounced [dəbʁɔj], [dəbʁœj] ( listen)) is the name of a noble French family, originally Piedmontese, who emigrated to France in the year 1643.
Broglia was the name of an old Piedmontese family, from which were descended the counts of Casalborgone, Mombello and Revello, and the lords of Arignano, Cortandone, Fontanetto Po, Chieri, Cocconato, Monale, Montaldo,[disambiguation needed] Pont Canavese and Santena. The first reference to the name is dated 1245, mentioning one Ardizzone Broglia, father of Guglielmo, decurione of Chieri.
The founder of the French de Broglie line was Francesco Maria, count of Revello, of the Broglia di Chieri family. Born in 1611 in Piedmont, he took service in the French army in the Thirty Years' War and was naturalized in France after 1643, now known as François-Marie de Broglie, comte de Broglie. After distinguishing himself as a soldier, he died, a lieutenant-general, at the siege of Valenza on 2 July 1656.
His son, Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie (1647–1727), served under Condé, Turenne and other great commanders of the age of Louis XIV, becoming marechal de camp in 1676, lieutenant-general in 1688, and finally marshal of France in 1724.
His grandson, François-Marie, was made duc de Broglie and a peer of France in 1742. His great-grandson, Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie was created prince of the Holy Roman Empire in 1759 by Emperor Francis I. All junior members of the House of Broglie bear the title of prince of Broglie, while the head of the family is duke of Broglie. A junior line used the title of prince of Broglie-Revel, after one of his lordships.
Comtes de Broglie
- François-Marie, comte de Broglie (1611–1656), soldier
- Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie (1647–1727), marshal of France
Ducs de Broglie
- François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie (1671–1745), marshal of France and governor of Strasbourg
- Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie (1718–1804), marshal of France
- Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie (1785–1870), statesman and diplomat, member of the Académie française
- Albert, 4th duc de Broglie (1821–1901), politician and writer, member of the Académie française
- Victor, 5th duc de Broglie (1846–1906)
- Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie (1875–1960), physicist, member of the Académie française and the Académie des sciences
- Louis, 7th duc de Broglie (1892–1987), physicist and Nobel laureate, member of the Académie française and the Académie des sciences
- Victor-François, 8th duc de Broglie (1949-2012)
- Philippe-Maurice, 9th duc de Broglie (born 1960)
Other noteworthy family members
- Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec (1719–1781), a son of the first duke, soldier and diplomat.
- Charles-Louis-Victor, prince de Broglie (1756–1794), served in the army, attaining the rank of maréchal de camp.
- Daisy Fellowes 1890-1962, style icon and married to Jean Amédée Marie Anatole de Broglie, prince de Broglie (1886-1918)
- Maurice-Jean de Broglie (1766-1821), bishop.
- Jean de Broglie (1921–1976), assassinated politician
- Gabriel de Broglie (born 1931), historian and statesman, member of the Académie française
- A. de La Porte, Trésor héraldique d'après d'Hozier, Ménétrier, Boisseau etc..., chef du blason..,armoiries des familles illustration française, armoiries des villes et provinces, Lethielleux, 1864, p. 134.
- Léon Warnant (1987). Dictionnaire de la prononciation française dans sa norme actuelle (in French) (3rd ed.). Gembloux: J. Duculot, S. A. ISBN 978-2-8011-0581-8.
- Jean-Marie Pierret (1994). Phonétique historique du français et notions de phonétique générale (in French). Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters. p. 102. ISBN 978-9-0683-1608-7.
- Chisholm 1911, p. 626.
- C. Tenivelli, Biografia piemontese, III, Torino 1787. Luigi Cibrario, "Delle storie di Chieri", Librairie Dell'Accad delle Sc., 1827.
- Chisholm 1911, p. 627 provides a biography under the name Achille Charles Léonce Victor, Duc de Broglie
- Chisholm 1911, pp. 627, 628 provides a biography under the name Jacques Victor Albert, Duc de Broglie
- Chisholm 1911, p. 626 mentions this man under the name and title: Charles François, Comte de Broglie (1719-1781)
- Chisholm 1911, p. 626 mentions this man under the name and title: Victor Claude, Prince de Broglie (1757-1794)
- Dumont 1907.
- Dumont, Francis (1907). "Maurice-Jean de Broglie". Catholic Encyclopedia 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Broglie, de". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 626, 628.