Duke of Gramont

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Dukedom of Gramont
Crown of a Duke of France.svg
Blason Antoine II de Gramont-Touloujon (1572-1644).svg
Creation date 1643 ; 1648
Monarch Louis XIII and Louis XIV (regency of Anne of Austria)
Peerage France
First holder Antoine II de Gramont-Touloujon, 1st Duke of Gramont
Present holder Antoine de Gramont, 15th Duke of Gramont
Heir apparent none
Subsidiary titles Count of Guiche
Prince of Bidache
Viscount of Aster[1]
Former seat(s) Château de Bidache

The title of Duke of Gramont (duc de Gramont) is a French dukedom and former peerage. It was created in 1648 for French Marshall Antoine III de Gramont.


The house of Gramont was a Navarrese medieval noble house. They held land in Lower Navarra and in neighbouring Gascony, part of the kingdom of France. As their liege lords, the kings of Navarra, they took part in French politics. The last heiress of the house, Claire de Gramont (died in 1534) wed Menaut d'Aure and their son Antoine took the name Gramont rather than d'Aure.

Antoine de Gramont was a leading noblemen in south-west France during the Wars of Religion. At first, a Calvinist and lieutenant general to Queen Jeanne d'Albret, he switched sides to Catholicism and King Charles IX's service. He was created Count of Guiche in 1563. Antoine de Gramont was also the first Gramont to claim sovereignity over the Principality of Bidache. His grand son, also named Antoine de Gramont, vice-roy of Navarra, was created Duke of Gramont in 1643.

Another famous member of the ducal house was Philibert de Gramont (1621–1707), younger son of the first Duke.

Counts of Guiche[edit]

  • 1563-1576 : Antoine Ist de Gramont (1526-1576)
  • 1576-1580 : Philibert de Gramont (1552-1580)
  • 1580-1643 : Antoine II de Gramont (1572-1644)

Duke of Gramont, 1st Creation[edit]

  • 1643-1644 : Antoine II de Gramont (1572–1644). The patent for the creation of the title was not registered in Parliament before his death, so his son had to petition for a new creation.

Dukes of Gramont, 2nd Creation[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Daniel Coit Gilman; Harry Thurston Peck; Frank Moore Colby (1906). The New international encyclopaedia. 9. Dodd, Mead and company.

External links[edit]