Duke of Saint-Simon

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Dukedom of Saint-Simon
Creation date1635
Created byLouis XIII
PeeragePeerage of France
Peerage of Spain
First holderClaude de Rouvroy
Last holderLouis de Rouvroy
Extinction date1755

Duke of Saint-Simon (French: duc de Saint-Simon; Spanish: duque de Saint-Simon) was a title in the Peerage of France and later in the Peerage of Spain. It was granted in 1635 to Claude de Rouvroy, comte de Rasse.[1] The title's name refers to the seigneury that was held by the Rouvroy family at Saint-Simon in Aisne.

The dukedom passed from father to son in 1693. The second and last holder of the title, Louis de Rouvroy, has been immortalized as one of the greatest memoirists in European history.[2]

The second duke's two sons both predeceased him, making the French dukedom extinct in 1755. However, the second duke’s title had been introduced into the Spanish peerage and granted Grandee status when he was ambassador there. This meant that the Spanish Dukedom of Saint-Simon could be inherited through the female line, and descendants continued to use this title until the 19th century.

Dukes of Saint-Simon (1635)[edit]

From To Duke of Saint-Simon
1635 1693 Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1607–1693)
1693 1755 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (1675–1755)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jean Baptiste Courcelles (1827), Histoire généalogique et héraldique des pairs de France (in French), p. 222.
  2. ^ Société héraldique et généalogique de France (1882), Bulletin (in French), p. 391.