Duilio Poggiolini

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Duilio Poggiolini (born 25 July 1929 in Rome), was general manager of the pharmaceutical department of the National Ministry of Health under Francesco De Lorenzo and was involved in the Mani Pulite (Clean Hands) scandal of Tangentopoli. He was member of the P2 Masonic lodge.

He graduated in medicine in 1954, majored in physiology and in 1963 achieved a position as professor of microbiology, in 1966 professor in chemotherapy, then in 1972 professor of hygiene. In 1972 he became inspector general at the Ministry of Health.

In 1981 he became the Italian representative in the World Health Organization for the essential drugs program.[1] In 1991 he was elected President of the Commission for pharmaceuticals concerned with EEC harmonization of medicine between the Member States of the European Economic Community. He was also vice president of the Italian Pharmacopoeia Commission.

On 20 September 1993 he was arrested at Lausanne, in Switzerland, due to a series of charges related to forgery and bribery in the management of health services, in favor of large pharmaceutical companies.[2] Poggiolini tried to escape, but was found after a few weeks.

The health bribery scandal[edit]

Poggiolini initially denied having given instructions for price increases with compensation payments to Poggiolini and other officials of the Ministry.[3] He was later accused of having favored the entry of some drugs on formulary after health payments and gifts, goods or money .

At the time of his arrest over 15 billion lire in an account in Switzerland was seized; the account was registered to his wife, Maria Di Pierr Poggiolini. In addition to a house in Naples, the couple had several billion francs in gold ingots, jewels, paintings and ancient and modern coins (including gold Tsar Nicholas II rubles and South African Krugerrand).[4] He was imprisoned in Poggioreale, Naples for seven months.

At the outbreak of the scandal, he was given various nicknames by the press, including The King Midas of Health or the boss of malpractice (even the "monster of medical malpractice"). Before the discovery of the treasures, Poggiolini had led a simple life, almost poor, but when the search warrant was issued investigators required twelve hours to catalog the treasures hidden in closets, sofas, mattresses and ottoman cushions.[5]

The criminal offenses as revealed in the process were designed by Duilio Poggiolini Pierr and his wife Di Maria, him masterminding the procedures, while the latter proceeded to collect the fees.

The defense asked for the application of mitigation, because the search of riches for Poggiolini was a "morbid condition" that was not accepted by the judges. In a closed session c, on 21 July 2000, Poggiolani was condemned to seven and a half years in prison and his wife four years, excluding the offense of criminal conspiracy. Of the 40 incidents of alleged kickbacks, twenty were confirmed.

An appeal reduced the sentence to four years and four months, and the verdict was confirmed by the Supreme Court, which ordered the seizure of assets for 39 billion (29 for him, 10 for her).

The sentence has been served by Duilio Poggiolini mainly as house arrest and work in social services, and with shorter sentences for Pierr Di Maria.

On 30 August 2006 Poggiolini was pardoned, seeing the sentence reduced to two years, while his wife had returned to live in his villa in the neighborhood of Rome together with his son, who suffers from a brain disease.

On 30 October 2007 his wife Pierr Di Maria died.

Poggiolini has published a memoir, Nothing but the Truth: The Drugs in Italy, My Struggles, My Mistakes, but the edition was withdrawn and later maculated.

The Supreme Court laid down a final ruling in April 2012, confirming the judgment of the Court of Auditors of April 2011, fining Poggiolini 5,164,569 euros to compensate the State for offenses of corruption or bribery "ascribed to agreed that in the years 1982-1992, respectively, in positions covered under the government, had received money from several pharmaceutical companies, resulting in a loss of revenue derived from the unjustified rise of total pharmaceutical expenditure ". Francesco De Lorenzo was involved in the same judgment.

Infected blood products[edit]

Duilio Poggiolini was also investigated by the Prosecutor of Trento following a series of infections with HIV and hepatitis C occurred in the early 1990s through the transfusion of pockets of plasma that had not been adequately controlled, provided by the Marcucci property group of Guelph Marcucci. Between 1985 and 2008 2605 victims were found of transfusion with contaminated blood plasma and blood derivatives. 66,000 claims have come from patients to the Ministry of Health. By December 2008 approximately 49,000 people have received a check for 1,080 euros every two months. The claim that the State has asked Italian Duilio Poggiolini is 60 million.

Blood products, in particular sandoglobuline for the treatment of hemophilia, were not checked for the presence of viruses or treated with viral inactivation, which led to the distribution and sale of infectious material and patients were infected.

On 27 December 2007, Maria Vittoria De Simone, ordered the Public Prosecutor of Naples to charge Duilio Poggiolini and 10 other suspects for manslaughter. Consequently, 25 years after the first deaths from AIDS among hemophiliacs, a historic criminal trial commenced for hundreds of dead Italians.

On 31 July 2008 the Public Prosecutor of Naples requested the indictment e Duilio Poggiolini and 10 other defendants for manslaughter and the Court of Naples was set 6 October 2008.


  1. ^ http://www.iss.it/binary/publ/cont/Pag.%2044-46%20Influence%20that%20research%20and%20technological.1152187597.pdf | Poggiolini is thanked pg 461 for his dedicated leadership in 1982
  2. ^ Ref in italian Archived March 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Ref in Italian
  4. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/dull-professor-with-the-midas-touch-magistrates-uncover-italian-bureaucrats-fabulous-haul-1503259.html | The Midas Touch
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-14. Retrieved 2012-06-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)