Duration of English, British and United Kingdom Parliaments from 1660

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This is a list of the Parliaments of the United Kingdom, of Great Britain and of England from 1660 to the present day, with the duration of each Parliament. The No. column in this table counts backwards from the current Parliament. The NP number is the number counting forward from the creation of the United Kingdom in 1801 and Great Britain in 1707. Prior to that the parliaments are counted from the Restoration in 1660.

The duration column is calculated from the date of the first meeting of the Parliament, to that of dissolution, using a year-month-day format.

Parliaments from 1705[edit]

No NP Elected Opened Dissolved Duration
1 UK56 7 May 2015 27 May 2015 3 May 2017 1-11-6
2 UK55 6 May 2010 25 May 2010 30 March 2015[a] 4-10-5
3 UK54 5 May 2005 11 May 2005 12 April 2010 4-11-1
4 UK53 7 June 2001 13 June 2001 11 April 2005 3-9-29
5 UK52 1 May 1997 7 May 1997 14 May 2001 4-0-7
6 UK51 9 April 1992 27 April 1992 8 April 1997 4-11-12
7 UK50 11 June 1987 17 June 1987 16 March 1992 4-8-28
8 UK49 9 June 1983 15 June 1983 18 May 1987 3-11-3
9 UK48 3 May 1979 9 May 1979 13 May 1983 4-0-4
10 UK47 10 October 1974 22 October 1974 7 April 1979 4-5-16
11 UK46 28 February 1974 6 March 1974 20 September 1974 0-6-14
12 UK45 18 June 1970 29 June 1970 8 February 1974 3-7-10
13 UK44 31 March 1966 18 April 1966 29 May 1970 4-1-11
14 UK43 15 October 1964 27 October 1964 10 March 1966 1-4-11
15 UK42 8 October 1959 20 October 1959 25 September 1964 4-11-5
16 UK41 26 May 1955 7 June 1955 18 September 1959 4-3-11
17 UK40 25 October 1951 31 October 1951 6 May 1955 3-6-6
18 UK39 23 February 1950 1 March 1950 5 October 1951 1-7-4
19 UK38 5 July 1945 1 August 1945 3 February 1950 4-6-2
20 UK37 14 November 1935 26 November 1935 15 June 1945 9-6-20[b]
21 UK36 27 October 1931 3 November 1931 25 October 1935 3-11-22
22 UK35 30 May 1929 25 June 1929 8 October 1931 2-3-13
23 UK34 29 October 1924 2 December 1924 10 May 1929 4-5-8
24 UK33 6 December 1923 8 January 1924 9 October 1924 0-9-1
25 UK32 15 November 1922 20 November 1922 16 November 1923 0-11-27
26 UK31 14 December 1918 4 February 1919 26 October 1922 3-8-22
27 UK30 3–19 December 1910 31 January 1911 25 November 1918 7-9-25[c]
28 UK29 15 January-10 February 1910 15 February 1910 28 November 1910 0-9-13
29 UK28 12 January-8 February 1906 13 February 1906 10 January 1910 3-10-28
30 UK27 1–24 October 1900 3 December 1900 8 January 1906 5-1-5
31 UK26 13 July-7 August 1895 12 August 1895 25 September 1900 5-1-13
32 UK25 4–26 July 1892 4 August 1892 8 July 1895 2-11-4
33 UK24 1–27 July 1886 5 August 1886 28 June 1892 5-10-23
34 UK23 24 November-18 December 1885 12 January 1886 26 June 1886 0-5-14
35 UK22 31 March-27 April 1880 29 April 1880 18 November 1885 5-6-20
36 UK21 31 January-17 February 1874 5 March 1874 24 March 1880 6-0-19
37 UK20 17 November-7 December 1868 10 December 1868 26 January 1874 5-1-16
38 UK19 11–24 July 1865 1 February 1866 11 November 1868 2-9-10
39 UK18 28 April-18 May 1859 31 May 1859 6 July 1865 6-1-6
40 UK17 27 March-24 April 1857 30 April 1857 23 April 1859 1-11-23
41 UK16 7–31 July 1852 4 November 1852 21 March 1857 4-7-1
42 UK15 29 July-26 August 1847 18 November 1847 1 July 1852 4-9-10
43 UK14 29 June-22 July 1841 19 August 1841 23 July 1847 5-11-4
44 UK13 24 July-18 August 1837 15 November 1837 23 June 1841 3-9-12
45 UK12 6 January-6 February 1835 19 February 1835 17 July 1837 2-4-26
46 UK11 10 December 1832 – 8 January 1833 29 January 1833 29 December 1834 1-11-0
47 UK10 28 April-1 June 1831 14 June 1831 3 December 1832 1-5-19
48 UK9 29 July-1 September 1830 14 September 1830 23 April 1831 0-7-9
49 UK8 7 June-12 July 1826 25 July 1826 24 July 1830 3-11-30
50 UK7 6 March-14 April 1820 21 April 1820 2 June 1826 6-1-12
51 UK6 15 June-25 July 1818 4 August 1818 29 February 1820 1-6-25
52 UK5 5 October-10 November 1812 24 November 1812 10 June 1818 5-5-17
53 UK4 4 May-9 June 1807 22 June 1807 29 September 1812 5-3-7
54 UK3 29 October-17 December 1806 13 December 1806 29 April 1807 0-4-16
55 UK2 5 July-28 August 1802 31 August 1802 24 October 1806 4-1-24
56 UK1 None[d] 22 January 1801 29 June 1802 (1-5-7)
56 GB18 25 May-29 June 1796 12 July 1796 1 January 1801[d] 5-11-7
57 GB17 16 June-28 July 1790 10 August 1790 20 May 1796 5-9-10
58 GB16 30 March-18 May 1784 18 May 1784 11 June 1790 6-0-24
59 GB15 6 September-18 October 1780 31 October 1780 25 March 1784 3-4-25
60 GB14 5 October-10 November 1774 29 November 1774 1 September 1780 5-9-3
61 GB13 16 March-6 May 1768 10 May 1768 30 September 1774 6-4-20
62 GB12 25 March-5 May 1761 19 May 1761 11 March 1768 6-9-20
63 GB11 13 April-20 May 1754 31 May 1754 20 March 1761 6-9-20
64 GB10 26 June-4 August 1747 13 August 1747 8 April 1754 6-7-26
65 GB9 30 April-11 June 1741 25 June 1741 18 June 1747 6-11-23
66 GB8 22 April-6 June 1734 13 June 1734 27 April 1741 6-10-14
67 GB7 14 August-17 October 1727 28 November 1727 17 April 1734 6-4-20
68 GB6 19 March-9 May 1722 10 May 1722 5 August 1727 5-2-26
69 GB5 22 January-9 March 1715 17 March 1715 10 March 1722 6-11-19
70 GB4 22 August-12 November 1713 12 November 1713 15 January 1715 1-2-3
71 GB3 2 October-16 November 1710 25 November 1710 8 August 1713 2-8-14
72 GB2 30 April-7 July 1708 8 July 1708 21 September 1710 2-2-13
73 GB1 None[e] 23 October 1707 3 April 1708 (0-11-5)
73 QA/2 7 May-6 June 1705 14 June 1705  – [e] 2-9-24

Notes

  1. ^ This is the first dissolution under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, which set the parliamentary term at 5 years, barring a Prime Minister from calling an election early for political gain, as had been the common practice.[1]
  2. ^ At the time of the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, there was little more than a year before the 37th UK parliament was due to dissolve, but its duration was extended until hostilities were over. This led to the eventual length of almost ten years for this parliament.
  3. ^ This, the first parliament since the Civil War to exceed 7 years, was so long because of the extension of the length of this parliament for the duration of the First World War.
  4. ^ a b The MPs of the 18th Parliament of Great Britain (elected 1796) and 100 members co-opted from the former Parliament of Ireland, became the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of the United Kingdom on 1 January 1801. The duration for the 1st Parliament of the United Kingdom, in brackets, is counted from the first meeting of that Parliament to its dissolution. The duration for the 18th Parliament of Great Britain is counted from the first meeting of that Parliament in 1796 to the dissolution of the 1st Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1802.
  5. ^ a b The MPs of the 2nd Parliament of England in the reign of Queen Anne (elected 1705) and 45 members co-opted from the former Parliament of Scotland, became the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain in 1707. The duration for the 1st Parliament of Great Britain, in brackets, is counted from the first meeting of that Parliament to its dissolution. The duration for the 2nd Parliament of England in the reign of Queen Anne is counted from the first meeting of that Parliament in 1705 to the dissolution of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain in 1708.

Parliaments 1660-1705[edit]

No NP Summoned Opened Dissolved Duration
74 QA/1 2 July 1702 20 August 1702 5 April 1705 2-7-16
75 WM/5 3 November 1701 30 December 1701 2 July 1702 0-6-2
76 WM/4 26 December 1700 6 February 1701 11 November 1701 0-9-5
77 WM/3 13 July 1698 24 August 1698 19 December 1700 2-3-25
78 WM/2 12 October 1695 22 November 1695 6 July 1698 2-6-15
79 WM/1 6 February 1690 20 March 1690 11 October 1695 4-6-21
80 CP 29 December 1688 22 January 1689 6 February 1690 1-0-15
81 KJ2/1 14 February 1685 19 May 1685 2 July 1687 2-1-13
82 KC2/4 20 January 1681 21 March 1681 28 March 1681 0-0-7
83 KC2/3 24 July 1679 21 October 1680 18 January 1681 0-2-27
84 KC2/2 25 January 1679 6 March 1679 12 July 1679 0-4-6
85 KC2/1 18 February 1661 8 May 1661 24 January 1679 17-8-16
86 CP 16 March 1660 25 April 1660 29 December 1660 0-8-4

Key to abbreviations in the NP column: -

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Q&A: Fixed Term Parliaments". BBC. 13 Sep 2010. Retrieved 30 Jun 2016. 
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1987, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services, 5th Edition 1989)

See also[edit]