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The Dzükou/Dzüko Valley is a valley located at the border of the states of Manipur and Nagaland in northeast India. This valley is well known for its natural environment, seasonal flowers and flora and fauna.
It is situated at an altitude of 2452 m above sea level. The rare Dzükou Lily is found only in this valley.
The valley is famous for its wide range of flower in every season. But the most famous one is the Dzükou lily.
The word Dzükou is originally derived from the Viswema dialect of the Angamis 'Dzü-ko' which means 'Soulless and Dull' referring to when some ancestors of Viswema who moved out to establish a new village in Dzükou, due to the unfavorable weather conditions they were unable to harvest crops which led them to say "the valley is very beautiful but is dull and soulless".
Another reason was, as legendary story passed down through oral tradition, the chieftain had a dream and in his dream the spirit-gods "Tevrümi" asked him 7 roasters if they want to settle in the valley. The interpretation of that dream was the Tevrümi i.e. spirit-gods is asking to give the 7 best male youth as a sacrifice. To which, the chief would not sacrifice his best male warriors. He also send some youth to the valley to bring the soil to him and so they did as requested. The chief elder check the soil and he says the land is very fertile and but not appropriate for vegetation (as the known vegetation knowledge for them). Thus, because of these reasons the people give up to settle in the valley. From there the name "Dzükou" or in local dailect "Dzüko" came which literally means "cold heart" because they gave up to settled.
A common misconception is that Dzükou derives its meaning from the Angami word which translates to "Cold Water" referring to the ice cold stream that flows through the valley.
The main entry from the foothills of Viswema village where one can travel to the rest house above Mt. Teyozwü by a Tata Sumo taxi. From here one has to climb forty minutes to the top of the mountain. This is where Dzükou starts but the main valley is still another two hours walk away. One can exit the valley from the same route but if one is planning to come back by foot, the Jakhama route is shorter. Also it can be reached in five hours of trek from Mt. Isii of Senapati district of Manipur. The new five-hour trek route was opened by MMTA (Manipur Mountaineering and Trekking Association).
There are many NGOs and adventure tour operators, who organize treks to the Dzükou Valley. Main way for trekking is from Manipur side. There is a Helipad just next to the Guest house however no service is seen in the last few years.
There has been disputes for years between the two states regarding the ownership of Dzukou Valley with both the states. However, geographically the valley shares both Manipur and Nagaland territories despite claims which were demarcated by the British colonial and followed by the government of India upon the division of statehood. It is reported that out of the total area of about 2.5 sq km of Dzuko, (excluding the surrounding areas) Manipur owns 1.55 Sq KM while Nagaland owns 0.67 Sq KM.