- EICAR may refer also to the Ecole Internationale de Creation Audiovisuelle et de Réalisation, an international film school in Paris.
EICAR, the European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research, was founded in 1991 as an organization aiming to further antivirus research and improving development of antivirus software. Recently EICAR has furthered its scope to include the research of malicious software (malware) other than computer viruses and extended work on other information security topics like content security, Wireless LAN security, RFID and information security awareness. EICAR also organizes international security conferences most years, as well as a number of working groups or 'task forces'.
"EICAR" was originally an abbreviation for "European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research", but the organisation no longer uses that full title, and now regards "EICAR" as a self-standing name, as it has expanded into a broader range of IT Security work than just antivirus research. 
EICAR test file
EICAR, in collaboration with CARO (Computer AntiVirus Research Organization), is perhaps most notable for the EICAR test file: a harmless executable string, designed to test the integrity of antivirus software.
- "About EICAR". EICAR official website. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- David Harley, Lysa Myers & Eddy Willems. "Test Files and Product Evaluation: the Case for and against Malware Simulation" (PDF). AVAR2010 13th Association of anti Virus Asia Researchers International Conference. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
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