Tour of E0102
|Other designations||1ES 0102-72.2, RBS 146, 1RXS J010403.5-720158|
|Event type||Supernova remnant|
|Right ascension||01h 04m 1.50s|
|Declination||-72° 01' 55.7|
E0102 is the remnant of a supernova that exploded in the neighbouring galaxy known as the Small Magellanic Cloud. The supernova was caused when a star much more massive than the Sun collapsed under its own gravity. The explosion would have been visible from the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth over 1000 years ago. The appearance of E0102 is best explained by a model in which the ejecta is shaped like a cylinder that is being viewed almost exactly end-on. This model suggests that the explosion that created the E0102 remnant may itself have been strongly asymmetric, consistent with the rapid kicks given to neutron stars after supernova explosions. Another possibility is that the star exploded into a disk of material formed when material was shed from the equator of the pre-supernova red giant star. Such asymmetries have been observed in winds from lower mass red giants that form planetary nebulas. The remnant consists of an outer blast wave produced by the supernova, and an inner ring of cooler material. This inner ring is probably expanding ejecta from the explosion that is being heated by a shock wave travelling backwards into the ejecta.
- "E0102". NASA.
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