Earl of Pomfret

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Earldom of Pomfret
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA of Fermor, Earl of Pomfret.svg
Argent, a fess sable between three lions' heads erased gules
Creation date 27 December 1721
Monarch George I
Peerage Peerage of Great Britain
First holder Thomas Fermor, 1st Earl of Pomfret
Last holder George Fermor, 5th Earl of Pomfret
Remainder to Heirs male of the first earl's body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Baron Leominster
Extinction date 8 June 1867
Seat(s) Easton Neston
Armorial motto Hore e Sempre ("Now and Always")[1]
George Fermor, 3rd Earl of Pomfret.

Earl of Pomfret (alias Pontefract)[n 1] was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain created in 1721 for Thomas Fermor, 2nd Baron Leominster. It became extinct upon the death of the fifth earl in 1867.

Ancestral titles and achievements[edit]

The Fermor family descended from Richard Fermor (d. 1552) who acquired great wealth as a wool merchant and merchant. However, he fell out with Henry VIII after remaining an adherent of Catholicism and had his estates confiscated. Some of the estates, including Easton Neston, South Northamptonshire were restored after the accession of Edward VI.[2]

His grandson Sir George Fermor entertained James I at Easton Neston in 1603 and in 1615 was confirmed by the crown following his marriage as lord of the manor of Westoning, Bedfordshire.[3]

Sir George's grandson William Fermor was created a Baronet, of Easton Neston in the County of Northampton, in the Baronetage of England in 1641, aged nineteen and succeeded by his son. He was raised to the Peerage of England as Baron Leominster[n 2], in the County of Hereford, in 1692. His eldest son was elevated to become Earl of Pomfret in 1721. The latter was succeeded by his son who became a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to George III and sold the manor of Westoning in 1767 to John Everitt.[3] Two sons, the third and fourth Earls succeeded.[1] The titles became extinct on the death of the fourth Earl's son in 1867.[4]

The seat of the Fermor family was Easton Neston in Northamptonshire.[1] The house came into the Hesketh family (who were later created Barons Hesketh) through the marriage in 1846 of Sir Thomas George Hesketh, 5th Baronet, of Rufford, to Lady Anna Maria Arabella Fermor, sister and heiress of the 5th Earl of Pomfret. The main blocks and much of the gothick village of Hulcote were sold by the 3rd Baron Hesketh in 2005 to Leon Max.

Fermor Baronets, of Easton Neston (1641)[edit]

Arms of Fermor: Argent, a fess sable between three lions' heads erased gules

Barons Leominster (1692)[edit]

Earls of Pomfret (1721)[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ see Pontefract, with the territorial designation, in the County of York
  2. ^ Also in official documents recorded as Baron Lempster
  1. ^ a b c Debrett, John (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Brydges, Egerton (1812). Collin's Peerage of England. pp. 197–208. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b William Page (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Westoning". A History of the County of Bedford: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Dictionary of National Biography. 1887. p. 370. Retrieved 20 December 2016.