Easton and Amboy Railroad

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Map of the Easton and Amboy Railroad

Easton and Amboy Railroad was a railroad built across central New Jersey by the Lehigh Valley Railroad (LVRR) in the 1870s. The line was built to connect the Lehigh Valley Railroad coal hauling operations in Pennsylvania and the Port of New York and New Jersey to serve consumer markets in New York metropolitan area. Until it was built, the terminus of the LVRR had been at Phillipsburg, New Jersey on the Delaware River opposite Easton, Pennsylvania. It is now part of Norfolk Southern Railway operations, partially the Lehigh Line

The Lehigh Valley Railroad brought the charter to the Perth Amboy and Bound Brook Railroad and also formed a new railroad company, the Bound Brook and Easton Railroad, to run across Western New Jersey from Phillipsburg to Bound Brook. These two railroads were combined under the name "Easton and Amboy Railroad".[1][2]

Construction commenced in 1872 and was completed in 1875,[3]. Construction was halted at Pattenburg since succificent funds ran out to build a tunnel through the Musconetcong Mountains. The Lehigh Valley Railroad then stepped in, purchasing the E&A and completing the line to Easton in 1875.[4]

At Perth Amboy, a tidewater terminal was built on the Arthur Kill comprising a large coal dock used to transport coal into New York City. These tracks were laid and started hauling coal in 1875. Operations continued until the LVRR's bankruptcy in 1976.[5] The marshalling yard is now the residential area known as Harbortown.

Passenger traffic connected with the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) at Metuchen and continued to the PRR'S Exchange Place terminus in Jersey City. That connection was discontinued in 1891 after the LVRR established its own route to Jersey City from South Plainfield.

Eventually, the Easton and Amboy Railroad was absorbed into the parent Lehigh Valley Railroad and it was used as a connection to the New York area, with a terminus in Jersey City, New Jersey.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ http://njrails.tripod.com/20th_Century/LehighValley/LehighValley.htm
  2. ^ The Musconetcong Tunnel, A Treatise on Explosive Compounds, Machine Rock Drills and Blasting, Henry Sturgis Drinker, J. Wiley & sons, 1883, p. 303 Google books
  3. ^ https://books.google.nl/books?id=LkXXZfRFRM0C&pg=PA55&lpg=PA55&dq=coal+docks+perth+amboy&source=bl&ots=PKWypMuUQ2&sig=AAY5h7p5QpvCb6Z-NKL3pMTml2I&hl=nl&sa=X&ei=OsJNVbD0HqWc7gb824GwBg&ved=0CCAQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=coal%20docks%20perth%20amboy&f=false
  4. ^ http://bridgehunter.com/nj/hunterdon/ns---musconetcong-tunnel/
  5. ^ Deas, Wayne L. "PERTH AMBOY'S REBIRTH TIED TO PROJECT", The New York Times, August 16, 1987. May 4, 2015. "The first, already begun along the right of way of the Conrail and Lehigh Valley Railroads from Route 440, will consist of 168 condominium units. It will serve as a scenic entrance to Harbortown."


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