Echidna (genus)

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Echidna
Snowflake moray in kona close up.jpg
Snowflake moray, Echidna nebulosa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Muraenidae
Subfamily: Muraeninae
Genus: Echidna
J. R. Forster, 1788[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms[2]
  • Megaderus Rafinesque, 1815
  • Molarii Richardson, 1848
  • Poecilophis Kaup, 1856
  • Leihala Jordan, 1925

Echidna is a genus of moray eels in the family Muraenidae.[3]

Description[edit]

Echidna species lack canine teeth.[4]

Diet[edit]

They generally eat crustaceans.[5]

Species[edit]

As of 2017, FishBase and WoRMS recognize the following eleven species in Echnidna:[3][6]

In addition to the species listed above, the zebra moray (Gymnomuraena zebra) has sometimes been included in Echidna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forster, Io. Reinholdo (1788). Enchiridion historiae naturali inserviens. Halae: Hemmerde etSchwetschke. p. 81.
  2. ^ Böhlke, Eugenia B.; Randall, John E. (2000). "A Review of the Moray eels (Angulliformes: Muraenidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with Descriptions of Two New Species". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 150: 216. JSTOR 4065071.
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017). Species of Echidna in FishBase. September 2017 version.
  4. ^ Smith, Margaret M.; Heemstra, Philip C. (1986), "Class Osteichthyes", in Smith, Margaret M.; Heemstra, Phillip C., Smiths Sea Fishes (6th ed.), Springer Science & Business Media, p. 166, doi:10.1007/978-3-642-82858-4_13, ISBN 978-3-642-82858-4
  5. ^ Arun Kumar, M.; Venu, S.; Padmavati, G. (2016). "First Record of the Pink Lipped Moray Eel, Echidna rhodochilus (Bleeker 1863) (Family: Muraenidae), from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India". International Journal of Oceanography. 2016: 1–4. doi:10.1155/2016/6098027.
  6. ^ Bailly, N. (2014). Bailly N, ed. "Echidna Forster, 1788". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 19 September 2017.