Edgar Allen

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Edgar Allen
Edgar allen 1933 1775063 1477-7827-4-S1-S3-3.jpg
Born (1892-05-02)May 2, 1892
Canon City, Colorado
Died February 3, 1943(1943-02-03) (aged 50)
New Haven, Connecticut
Residence Flag of the United States.svg United States
Nationality Flag of the United States.svg American
Alma mater Brown University
Scientific career
Fields Anatomy, Physiology, Endocrinology
Institutions University of Missouri, Washington University, Yale University

Edgar Allen (May 2, 1892 – February 3, 1943) was an American anatomist and physiologist. He is known for the discovery of estrogen and his role in creating the field of endocrinology.[1]

Born on Cañon (Canyon) City, Colorado, Allen was educated at Brown University. After serving in World War I he took a position at Washington University in St. Louis until, in 1923, he was appointed to the chair of anatomy at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri. Ten years later he was appointed to the chair at Yale University.

At Missouri, he began his studies of sex hormones. While it was commonly believed at the time that the female reproductive cycle was controlled by substance in the corpus luteum, Allen sought the answer in the follicles surrounding the ovum, leading to his discovery of estrogen, though it was identified six years later by Adolf Butenandt in 1929.

Allen died of a heart attack in 1943 while on duty with the United States Coast Guard.


  1. ^ Cowan, Ruth (1970). "Allen, Edgar". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 123–124. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. 

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