|Edward Samoilovich Kuznetsov|
|Native name||Эдуард Самойлович Кузнецов|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Known for||publishing samizdat, human rights activism, participation in the Dymshits–Kuznetsov hijacking affair and the Mayakovsky Square poetry readings|
|Movement||dissident movement in the Soviet Union|
Edward Samoilovich Kuznetsov (Russian: Эдуа́рд Само́йлович Кузнецо́в, Hebrew: אדוארד קוזנצוב; born in Moscow, 1939) is a Soviet-born dissident, human rights activist, and writer who settled in Israel in 1979.
Samizdat and dissident activity
While at university, Kuznetsov became involved with the first unsanctioned samizdat (self-published) magazines. In 1958-61, he co-edited the underground literary journals Sintaksis and Boomerang, and helped compile the samizdat poetry anthology Phoenix.:145
In 1961, Kuznetsov was arrested and tried for the first time for his involvement in publishing samizdat, and for making overtly political speeches in poetry readings at Mayakovsky Square in central Moscow. Among those also attending these informal gatherings were Yuri Galanskov, Vladimir Osipov and, the youngest of all, Vladimir Bukovsky. Kuznetsov was sentenced to seven years imprisonment.
The Leningrad plane hijackers case
Following his release in 1968, Kuznetsov became one of the organizers of the Leningrad plane hijackers or Dymshits–Kuznetsov hijacking affair in June 1970. Arrested for "high treason," he faced the death sentence but after lodging an appeal and international protests against his execution his sentence was replaced with fifteen years in prison and labour camp. This case "opened the doors of emigration to thousands of Soviet Jews." In the 1970s Kuznetsov shared a prison cell with Danylo Shumuk for five years.
Literary and other activities
Kuznetsov is a member of the PEN Club and has been widely published in European, US and Israeli media. He is the author of three novels: Prison Diary (1973), Mordovian Marathon (1979) (both written secretly in prison and smuggled abroad) and Russian Romance (1984). All three have been translated into many languages. In 1974, Prison Diary won the Gulliver Award in France, being declared the best book written by a foreign author.
In 2005 Kuznetsov participated in "They Chose Freedom", a four-part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel and is a board member of Soviet dissident aid foundation The Gratitude Fund.
- Schroeter, Leonard (1979). The Last Exodus. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0-295-95685-5.
- See Chronicle of Current Events, issue 17.
- "Eduard Kuznetsov." The Gratitude Fund. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- In Russian it is titled A Step to the Right, A Step to the Left.
- The Gratitude Fund. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- Kouznetsov, Edouard (1982). "Témoignage" [Testimony]. In Galanskov, Youri. Le manifeste humain précédé par les témoignages de V. Boukovsky, N. Gorbanevskaïa, A. Guinzbourg, E. Kouznetsov [Human manifesto preceded by testimonies of V. Bukovsky, N. Gorbanevskaya, A. Ginzburg, E. Kuznetsov] (in French). Lausanne: Editions L'Age d'Homme. pp. 47–50. ISBN 2825109207.
- Edward Kuznetsov biography at The Gratitude Fund
- Edward Kuznetsov biography at "Gulag authors and their memoirs", Sakharov Centre (in Russian)
- Operation Wedding, a documentary about the hijacking affair, directed by Anat Zalmanson-Kuznetsov, daughter of the group's leader.
- "Alexander Ginzburg and the Resistance to Totalitarian Evil, Then and Now" FrontPage magazine, a 2002 interview with Edward Kuznetsov, Vladimir Bukovsky and Yuri Yarim-Agaev
- "Gulag Day", FrontPage magazine, a 2002 interview with Vladimir Bukovsky, Edward Kuznetsov, Yuri Yarim-Agaev, Paul Hollander and Richard Pipes
- (Russian) Interview with the "Memorial" society
- (Russian) Interview at Sem40
- (Russian) Biography and books at Belousenko library