Eduard Norden

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Eduard Norden (21 September 1868 – 13 July 1941) was a German classical philologist and historian of religion. When Norden received an honorary doctorate from Harvard, James Bryant Conant referred to him as "the most famous Latinist in the world".[1]


Eduard Norden was born in Emden in East Frisia, the son of a Jewish physician. Baptized in the Evangelical Church aged 17, he studied classics at Bonn and Berlin. At age 38 he was appointed to the chair of Latin in Berlin, the most prestigious position for a classicist in Germany.[1]

In 1935 the Nazis forced Norden to give up his chair and his university teaching. The 1938 Jewish tax forced him to sell his house and portions of his library, and he lost his right to use university facilities. Friends persuaded him to move to Zurich, where he died on 13 July 1941.[1]

Major Works[edit]

  • Die antike Kunstprosa vom VI. Jahrhundert v. Chr. bis in die Zeit der Renaissance (1898).
  • P. Vergilius Maro Aeneis Buch VI (1903, 1916, 1927).
  • Agnostos Theos; Untersuchungen zur Formengeschichte religiöser Rede (1913).
  • Ennius und Vergilius; Kriegsbilder aus Roms grosser Zeit (1915).
  • Die germanische Urgeschichte in Tacitus Germania (1921).
  • Die Geburt des Kindes; Geschichte einer religiösen Idee (1924).
  • Alt-Germanien; völker- und namengeschichtliche Untersuchungen (1934).
  • Aus altrömischen Priesterbüchern (1939).


  1. ^ a b c Andrew R. Dyck, review of Wilt Aden Schröder, Der Altertumswissenschaftler Eduard Norden (1868-1941). Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2000.01.03.

Further reading[edit]

  • A. I. Baumgarten, 'Eduard Norden and his Students: a contribution to a portrait, based on three archival finds', Scripta Classica Israelica (2006), pp. 121–139