Education in Prizren
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The first Albanian-language school in Kosovo was opened in 1889. That was the birth of public education in the well-known cultural and historical city, Prizren. "The history of our education is a story of war, of efforts. A story of a small number of people, with a great spiritual world, and with a great will to be independent."
The schools closed during the war in Kosovo in the 1990s. Classes were held in private houses. After the war ended school resumed, and from 1999 to 2007 education was brought back in two stages:
1. Emergency stage (1999-2002)- In this stage, the primary aim was rebuilding the educational system, including the school infrastructure. New schools were built, old ones repaired.
2. Development stage (2002-2007)- The stage of development and implementation of reforms in education. Teachers were trained for general and professional high schools, and new textbooks were published.
Now, after many years of development, Prizren's educational system follows basic principles similar to other European states. The students come from a variety of ethnic backgrounds: Albanian, Bosnian, Turks, Romes and Ashkali. Classes are taught in three languages, Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish, in public and private institutions.
- 1 Early education
- 2 Primary and lower secondary education
- 3 Secondary education
- 3.1 Public high schools
- 3.1.1 General high schools
- 3.1.2 Professional high schools
- 3.1.3 Religious high school
- 3.2 Private high schools
- 3.1 Public high schools
- 4 University education
- 5 Education with special needs
- 6 References
Early education is known as preschool and pre-primary education. Based on the age of the child, there are two kinds of preschool institutions:
- preschools for children 1–3 years old;
- preschools for children 3–6 years old.
Pre-primary schools are for children 5–6 years old. Preschools are private institutions, unlike the pre-primary that are usually part of primary education schools. 56 pre-primary children's groups exist in Prizen. There are 1466 children, of them 667 males, and 799 females. 1173 Albanians, 144 Bosnian, 34 Ashkali, 21 Romes and 94 Turks.
Primary and lower secondary education
Primary and lower secondary education includes compulsory education for nine years, in two levels:
- primary education (1-5 classes);
- lower secondary education (6-9 classes).
In Prizren there are 72 primary and lower secondary schools. 47 of them are basic schools, and 25 are separated. 49 schools are taught in Albanian, 11 in Bosnian, and 12 in other languages.
There are 1268 classes, with 26796 students. 14020 of them are males, and 12776 females. 2610 of them are in the first year, 2674 in the second year, 2812 in the third year, 2862 in the fourth year, 3109 in the fifth year, 3335 in the sixth year, 3315 in the seventh year, 2813 in the eighth year, and 3052 in the ninth year. Based on ethnicity, 22821 of them are Albanians, 2081 Bosnian, 498 Ashkali, 386 Romes, 992 Turks, three Egyptian, 15 others.
- "Lidhja e Prizrenit" - Prizren
- "Emin Duraku" - Prizren
- "Fatmir Berisha" - Prizren
- "Lekë Dukagjini" - Prizren
- "Motrat Qirizi" - Prizren
- "Fadil Hisari" - Prizren
- "Mati Logoreci" - Prizren
- "Mustafa Bakiu" - Prizren
- "Abdyl Frashëri" - Prizren
- "Ibrahim Femiu" - Prizren
- "Haziz Tola" - Prizren
- "Xhevat Berisha" - Prizren
- "Dy deshmoret" - Pirane
- "Zenun Çoçaj" - Gjonaj
- "Hysni Temaj" - Kushnin
- "Anif Muji" - Struzhë
- "Bajram Curri" - Romajë
- "Vëllezërit Frasheri" - Planejë
- "Nazim Buduri" - Hoçë e qytetit
- "Dëshmorët e Vrrinit" - Billushë
- "Dëshmorët e Zhurit" - Zhur
- "Sezai Surroi" - Korishë
- "Besim Ndreca" - Lutogllavë
- "Ekrem Rexha" - Lubizhdë
- "Pjetër Budi" - Lubizhdë
- "Nefit Jusufi" - Skorobisht
- "Mic Sokoli" - Lybeçevë
- "Mushnikova" - Mushnikovë
- "Shtjefën Gjeçovi" - Zym
- "H. e Lumës" - Vërmicë
- "Naim Frashëri" - Vlashnje
- "Luigj Gurakuqi" - Nashec
- "Mithat Frashëri" - Krajk
- "Hasim Maliqaj" - Poslisht
- "Idriz Seferi" - Qëndresë
- "Ardhmëria" - Landovicë
- "Brigada 125" - Medvec
- "Sinan Thaçi" - Zojz
- "Zef Lush Marku" - Velezhë
- "Nazim Kokollari" - Prizren
- "Izvor" - Lubizhdë
- "25 Maji" - Lubizhdë
- "M. Bajraktari" - Reçan
- "Svejtlost" - Manastiricë
- "Pllanjane" - Planjanje
- "Sharr" - Jabllanicë
- "D. e Hasit" - Kabash
- "Genqare" - Alija
According to the SNKA, secondary education is the third level of education. In Prizren there are six basic secondary schools and six separated secondary schools. Based on language, six schools are in Albanian, one Bosnian, and five others. There are 9608 students, 5261 males, 4347 females. In the first year there are 1667 males, and 1208 females. The second year has 1360 males and 1286 females. In the third year there are 1213 males, 1194 females, and in the fourth year 1021 males and 659 females. There are 287 classes, with 33,5 students in a class. Based on ethnicity, 8135 are Albanians, 975 Bosnian and 498 Turks. 43.1% Of them are in general high schools, and 56.9% professional high schools.
Public high schools
General high schools
"Gjon Buzuku" high school
"Gjon Buzuku" is a general high school with a long tradition. We can find the beginning of activities during the 70s year, XIX. In 1907, Kosovo's Serbs, with the help of Serbian and Russian government, opened a secondary school. In November 1912, this secondary school became a general high school. Classes stopped during the First World War, but in 1919, the school started again, and in 1924 it was made a full general school. From 1919 to 1941, classes were taught in the Serbian language. Teaching in Albanian started on November 11, 1942. During Kosovo's War, like all the other schools, at the gymnasium level, teaching continued in Serbian and in Turkish. The studies in Albanian continued in private houses till the end of the war. Since 1999/2000 classes have been taught in three languages, Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish. Now there are 1980 students in the school, and 500 in separated schools, and 106 teachers. 38 classes learn in Albanian, seven in Bosnian, and six in Turkish. In the school are three education fields:
- General fields;
- Natural sciences fields;
- Mathematics and computing science fields.
Except the base school object, "Gjon Buzuku" gymnasium has three separated schools.
- in Romajë, seven classes, 250 students, two managements: general field and social field;
- in Gjonaj, six classes, 80 students, two managements: general field and natural sciences field;
- in Reçan, three classes, natural sciences field.
The school council is made up of senior students except the rector, deputy director and administrator.
"Remzi Ademaj" high school
"Remzi Adeaj is a general high school. It was a part of "Gjon Buzuku" general high school, but has recently separated. It has two managements:
- Social sciences field;
- Languages field.
Professional high schools
"11 Marsi" technical high school
The technical high school "11 Marsi" in Prizren was founded in 1967. The first course that was taught there was construction. Classes were in Albanian until 1991. Due to war during the 90s, school was held in private houses. Only after the end of the war could the students return to their regular school. The school has a total of 2210 students; ethnically 1357 (89,27%) are Albanian, 95 (6,25%) Bosnian, 52 (3,42%) Turks, 12 (0,79%) Romes, and four (0,27%) Ashkali. Lectures are held in three languages: 1397 students in Albanian, 77 students in Bosnian and 46 in Turkish. The school teaches in a variety of fields:
- audio and video.
- machinery fields:
- installation of water and sewer;
- installation of heating and air conditioning;
- applied arts:
- textile design;
- graphic design.
- road traffic.
"Ymer Prizreni" economic high school
The economic high school "Ymer Prizreni" was founded in 1945 as a teachers school. In 1956 it was named "Dimitrie Tucoviq" and continued training teachers till 1974. For the next four years, it worked as a normal school. In 1992 the school was designated an economic high school "Ymer Prizreni". Now the school has 1708 students, 642 of them females and 1066 males. 1470 of them are Albanians, 184 Bosnian, 54 Turkish. The school has these education fields:
- economic fields:
- bank insurance;
- retail and wholesale trade;
- freight forwarder;
- business administration.
- juristic assistant;
- administration assistant.
- food technology
- plant-derived food technology.
- assistant restaurant.
"Luciano Motroni" medical high school
The medical high school "Luciano Motoroni " was created as part of Gjon Buzuku gymnasium. It was made an independent school by the decision of the municipality on June 30, 1964. In 1990 the final ethnic separation occurred, and students and teachers moved from the school territory for political reasons. After the war of Kosovo and Serbia (16 October 1999) Albanians moved back to the school. Besides the Albanian language, the lectures in "Luciano Motoroni" school were held in the Bosnian and Turkish language. Now the medical school "Luciano Motoroni" teaches classes in these fields:
- Medical (General)
"Lorenc Antoni" music school
The musical school "Lorenc Antoni" was founded on 25 October 1947 as a primary education school. In 1948 it became a music high school. At that time, there were few teachers of music. The ministry of culture of Serbia sent the professor of the music academy, Josip Sllavenski to see if conditions were right to found a musical school. When Sllavenski arrived in Prizren, he met the musicians of the city. A day after that, he went to Zhur, and than he heard an instrumentalist group playing, and saw a group playing folk dance. He contacted Lorenc Antoni and wrote a letter to the Serbian culture ministry, to let the school open. The first director of the school was Lorenc Antoni, one of the best Albanian artists, for whom it is named.
Religious high school
The madrasah "alaud-din" started its work based on the plan from the Islamic community (KBI). This was the first madrasah to hold lectures in the Albanian language. The madrasah opened its first sections in Prizren in 1993, then later in Gjilan. During the period 1996/96 the madrasah had 132 students (in three years). During 1997/98 another section was opened for girls, with 25 students. Although the school was damaged by Serbian troops during the war, it reopened in June 1999. During these years of the madrasah's activity and until the end of 2009/10, 2750 people finished their studies.
Private high schools
"Memet Akif" college
Mehmet Akif College was founded in February 2000 by a group of parents and educators to contribute to the education of Kosovo. It offers a challenging education to students focusing both on academic achievement and personal growth, regardless of religion, race, nationality or sex. More than 90% of the graduating seniors enter universities and institutions of higher learning worldwide. Mehmet Akif College has a variety of extracurricular activities, clubs, sports, and field trips. A strong academic program, centred around the traditional core disciplines, prepares students for entrance into universities, or other institutions providing tertiary education.
Public university " Ukshin Hoti"
"Ukshin Hoti" is the only public university in Prizren. It was founded in 2009. Now the University of Prizren works in these fields: Lecturer / Coaches / Assistants
- Management / Leadership / Organizational Behavior;
- Economics / Quantitative Methods - Finance / Accounting - Computer Science - Creative Media / Development playgrounds - Tourism / Hospitality ;
- Public Administration / Local Economic Development;
- Political Science / International Relations;
- Law - English Language - Academic writing, research and study skills Method;
"Universum" university college
Universum is a business university founded in 2004. Two years ago it was one of 3% of the best business schools in the world. Now Universum works in these education fields:
- Management / Leadership /Organizational Behavior;
- Economics / Quantitative Methods;
- Finance / Accounting;
- Computer Science;
- Creative Media / Development Playgrounds;
- Tourism / Hospitality;
- Public Administration / Local Economic Development;
- Political Science / International Relations;
- English Language;
- Academic writing, research methods and study skills.
"Fama" university college
"Business" University College
The college "Biznesi" is an institution founded in 2004. It is licensed by the Ministry of Science Education and Technology in Kosovo. It currently has 1350 active students, 650 bachelor students and 80 masters students. "Biznesi" has three major fields:
- international business;
- management and economy;
- communication and finance.
- emergency management:
- protection from fire;
- protection in jobs;
- environmental protection.
"University of Prizren"
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Education with special needs
The scholastic center for the rehabilitation of people with disabilities opened in January 1950, in Mitrovica, as a boarding school. It was called "The school for hearing disabilities." In January 1951 a decision was made to open a sister school, which now represents a modern, fully functional school offering:
- Integrated kindergarten pre-elementary preparation.
- Elementary school/grade I-V.
- Middle school VI-IX.
- High school X-XII.
- A dramatory with a capacity to hold 100 students
- Avzi Mustafa, Figura mesuesish shqiptar, Tetove, 1995, p.103