Edward Albert Ostermann
|Edward Albert Ostermann|
General Edward A. Ostermann
November 23, 1882|
|Died||May 18, 1969(aged 86)|
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch|| United States Marine Corps (1907–1943)
United States Army (1899–1902, 1904–1905)
|Years of service||1899 – 1902, 1904 – 1905
1907 – 1943
|Rank||Chief Trumpeter (Army)
Major General (Marine Corps)
|Unit||2nd Marine Regiment|
|Battles/wars||United States occupation of Haiti
• Battle of Fort Dipitie
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Early life and Army service
Ostermann was born in Columbus, Ohio, on November 23, 1882. He attended the public schools of Milo, Columbus, and Dayton, Ohio. After attending Ohio Northern University at Ada for two and a half years, he enlisted in the U.S. Army on October 21, 1899, and served as a musician. Discharged as chief trumpeter at the expiration of a three-year enlistment, he remained a civilian for about one and a half years and then reenlisted in the Army on April 28, 1904. He was honorably discharged by purchase on November 12, 1905, as a chief trumpeter with the First Band, Artillery Corps.
Marine Corps career
Ostermann accepted a second lieutenant's commission in the Marine Corps on March 20, 1907, and served continuously until his retirement as a major general on January 1, 1943. His long career took him to Cuba, Panama, China, Nicaragua, Mexico, Haiti, Hawaii, and the Philippines.
He was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1917 for his actions during the capture of Fort Dipitie, Haiti, on October 24, 1915. He was part of a mounted Marine detachment sent out from Fort Liberté to reconnoiter towards Fort Dipitie. As the group crossed a river in a deep ravine on the night of October 24, they were suddenly fired upon from three sides by about 400 Haitian rebels, known as "Cacos", concealed in the bushes about 100 yards (91 m) from Fort Dipitie. The Marines fought their way forward to a good position and maintained it throughout the night despite continuous hostile fire. At dawn, three squads of Marines commanded by Ostermann, Captain William P. Upshur, and Gunnery Sergeant Daniel Daly advanced in three different directions, surprising and scattering the Cacos in all directions. Upshur's and Ostermann's squads then captured the fort with a total of 13 Marines. Fort Dipitie was demolished and burned and the garrison was forced to flee. "These men were in pitch darkness surrounded by ten times their number and fighting for their lives…" a description relates, "…Had one squad failed, not one man of the party would have lived to tell the story…" Ostermann, Upshur (who also lived to become a general), and Daly (the recipient of two Medals of Honor) all received the Medal of Honor for that battle.
Later in the Haitian campaign, on November 11, 1915, Ostermann was wounded in action and returned to the United States for hospitalization.
Ordered to Washington, D.C., in 1938 to become the Assistant Adjutant and Inspector of the Marine Corps, he was advanced to the post of Adjutant and Inspector with the rank of brigadier general in February 1939. With the coming of World War II, Ostermann requested combat duty as either a brigadier general or a colonel. In refusing the request as "impracticable at this time", the Commandant of the Marine Corps expressed his appreciation to Ostermann.
Ostermann was retired because of physical disability on January 1, 1943. Because of having been "specially commended for his performance of duty in actual combat" by virtue of the award of the Medal of Honor, Ostermann was promoted to the rank of major general on the retired list.
Ostermann earned the following medals and decorations: Medal of Honor, Purple Heart, Army of Cuban Pacification Medal, Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal with two service stars, Mexican Service Medal, Nicaraguan Campaign Medal, Haitian Campaign Medal, World War I Victory Medal with West Indies clasp, American Defense Service Medal, American Area Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal, and the Republic of Haiti's Distinguished Service Medal in the grade of Officer.
|Medal of Honor||Purple Heart||Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal w/ 2 service stars|
|Cuban Pacification Medal||Nicaraguan Campaign Medal (1912)||Mexican Service Medal||World War I Victory Medal w/ West Indies clasp|
|American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal||World War II Victory Medal||Haitian Distinguished Service Order, Officer|
Medal of Honor citation
Ostermann's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
In company with members of the Fifteenth Company of Marines, all mounted, First Lieutenant Ostermann left Fort Liberte, Haiti, for a 6-day reconnaissance. After dark on the evening of 24 October 1915, while crossing the river in a deep ravine, the detachment was suddenly fired upon from 3 sides by about 400 Cacos concealed in bushes about 100 yards from the fort. The Marine detachment fought its way forward to a good position, which it maintained during the night, although subjected to a continuous fire from the Cacos. At daybreak, First Lieutenant Ostermann, in command of one of the three squads which advanced in three different directions, led his men forward, surprising and scattering the Cacos, and aiding in the capture of Fort Dipitie.
- "Major General Edward Albert Ostermann, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. United States Marine Corps History Division. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- "Medal of Honor Recipients - Haiti Campaign 1915". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 26, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2012.